Now showing items 1-17 of 17

  • Alterations in the macronutrient content of the diet and the effects on body composition, cardiovascular disease risk and the control of energy metabolism in obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. 

    Gryka, Anna (Robert Gordon University Centre for Obesity Research and Epidemiology, 2011-10)
    Background/Objective: Several studies have shown that a low carbohydrate diet (LCHOD) can improve glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The objective of the current study was to compare two ways of administration ...
  • The development and evaluation of a holistic approach to obesity management for primary care nurses. 

    Brown, Jennifer E. (The Robert Gordon University School of Nursing and Midwifery, 2008-08)
    The prevalence of obesity (BMI≥30kg/m²) in the Scottish population is rising at an alarming pace. The health implications for those affected and the lack of sustained success in treatment, demands that new strategies be ...
  • Different dietary approaches for the treatment of obesity and the phenotypic responses to these diets. 

    Hession, Michelle (The Robert Gordon University Centre for Obesity Research and Epidemiology, Faculty of Health and Social Care, 2009-04)
    HESSION, M., ROLLAND, C., KULKARNI, U., WISE, A., BROOM, J., 2008. Systemic review of randomised controlled trials of low carbohydrate vs low fat/low calorie diets in the management of obesity and its comorbidities. Obesity Reviews.
     
    HESSION, M., ROLLAND, C., AVENELL, A., WISE, A. and BROOM, I., 2005. Systematic review of randomised control trials for the prevention, treatment and management of obesity and its comorbidities. Obesity Reviews, 6 (S155)
     
    WISE, A., ROLLAND, C., COX, J., HEWLETT, B., HESSION, M. and BROOM, I., 2005. The role of the LighterLife weight loss programme in lowering the cost of obesity. Obesity Reviews 6 (S156)
     
    HESSION, M., ROLLAND, C., TUYA, C., WISE, A., MURRAY, S., PIRIE, I., JARRETT, K. and BROOM, J., 2006. Weight, physical activity, and general health changes after 3 and 6 months of dietary interventions. Obesity Reviews, 7 (S307)
     
    HESSION, M., ROLLAND, C., WISE, A., TUYA, C., MURRAY, S., BROOM, J., 2006. Physical activity, general health and depression analysis in relation to weight change after 3 months of a healthy eating dietary intervention. Obesity Reviews, 7 (S307)
     
    ROLLAND, C., HESSION, M., TYUA, C., MURRAY, S., JARRETT, K., WISE, A. and BROOM, J., 2006. Reported weight loss for a 1 yr randomised controlled trial examining 3 dietary interventions for obesity management - initial findings. In: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 65 (117A)
     
    ROLLAND, C., HESSION, M., TUYA, C., MURRAY, S., JARRETT, K., WISE, A. and BROOM, J., 2006. The effects of a randomised control trial of low fat and high protein diets on cardiovascular risk of morbidly obese patients. Obesity Reviews, 7 (S307)
     
    ROLLAND, C., HESSION, M., TUYA, C., MURRAY, S., WISE, A. and BROOM, J., 2006. Phenotypic presentation of an obese population and their response to a healthy eating energy deficient diet. Obesity Reviews, 7 (S202)
     
    ROLLAND, C., HESSION, M., JOHN, O., MURRAY, S., WISE, A. and BROOM, J., 2007. Occurence and diagnosis of Type II diabetes in an obese population. International Journal of Obesity,, 31 (S128)
     
    ROLLAND, C., STEWART, A., HESSION, M., JOHN, O., MURRAY, S. and BROOM, J., 2007. Analysis of insulin sensitivity in response to weight loss in obese patients. Diabetes and Vascular Disease Research, 4 pp. 255
     
    HESSION, M., ROLLAND, C., JOHN, O., MURRAY, S., WISE, A. and BROOM, J., 2008. Comparison of kidney and liver changes after 3 months of a low carbohydrate vs. a a very low calorie diet. International Journal of Obesity, 32 (S1)
     
    ROLLAND, C., HESSION, M., JOHN, O., MURRAY, S., WISE, A. and BROOM, J., 2008. Baseline differences between achievers and non achievers of weight loss in a 3 month period with a healthy eating weight loss regimen. International Journal of Obesity, 32 (S106)
     
    Currents treatments for obesity have been unsuccessful. It is essential that a patient-centred approach for obesity management is developed and for this to be successful other diet and lifestyle approaches need to be ...
  • The effect of very-low calorie diets on renal and hepatic outcomes: a systematic review. 

    Rolland, Catherine; Mavroeidi, Alexandra; Johnston, Kelly L.; Broom, John (Dove Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S51151, 2013-10)
    ROLLAND, C., MAVROEIDI, A., JOHNSTON, K. L. and BROOM, J., 2013. The effect of very-low calorie diets on renal and hepatic outcomes: a systematic review. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy, Volume 2013 (6), pp. 393-401.
    Very low-calorie diets (VLCDs) are an effective means by which to induce clinically significant weight loss. However, their acceptance by health care practitioners and the public is generally lower than that for other ...
  • Effect of weight loss on adipokine levels in obese patients. 

    Rolland, Catherine; Hession, Michelle; Broom, Iain (Dove Medical Press http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S22788, 2011-08)
    ROLLAND, C., HESSION, M. and BROOM, I., Effect of weight loss on adipokine levels in obese patients. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy, 4, pp. 315 – 323.
    Background: Adipose tissue functions as an endocrine organ by releasing adipokines which have important roles in the regulation of inflammation and insulin sensitivity. Although there is evidence of improvements in the ...
  • Global warming: is weight loss a solution? 

    Gryka, Anna; Broom, John; Rolland, Catherine (Nature Publishing Group http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2011.151, 2012-03)
    GRYKA, A., BROOM, J, and ROLLAND, C., 2012. Global warming: is weight loss a solution? International Journal of Obesity, 36 (3), pp. 474-476.
    The current climate change has been most likely caused by the increased greenhouse gas emissions. We have looked at the major greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide (CO2), and estimated the reduction in the CO2 emissions that would ...
  • The implementation of the Counterweight Programme in Scotland, UK. 

    Counterweight Project Team; Bell-Higgs, Anna E.; Brosnahan, Naomi T.; Clarke, Anne M.; Dow, Maria S. A.; Haynes, Sarah M.; Lyons, G. Felicity; McCombie, E. Louise; Mongia, Sarika; Noble, Paula A.; Quinn, Marney F.; Regan, Paula J.; Ross, Hazel M.; Thompson, Frances E.; Vermeulen, Adri; Broom, Iain; Reckless, John P. D.; Kumar, Sudhesh; Lean, Michael E. J.; Frost, Gary S.; Finer, Nick; Haslam, David W.; Morrison, David; Sloan, Billy; McLoone, Philip (Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/fampra/cmr074, 2012-04)
    COUNTERWEIGHT PROJECT TEAM, 2012. The implementation of the Counterweight Programme in Scotland, UK. Family Practice, 29 (Supp. 1), pp. i139-i144.
    Background. The Counterweight Programme is a proven model for the management of obesity in the UK, evaluated over 5 years (2000–05) and demonstrating clinical and cost effectiveness. The Scottish Government commissioned ...
  • Leptin inhibits proliferation of breast cancer cells at supraphysiological concentrations by inhibiting mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling. 

    Weichhaus, Michael; Broom, John; Wahle, Klaus; Bermano, Giovanna (Spandidos Publications. http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ol.2014.2085, 2014-07)
    WEICHHAUS, M., BROOM, J., WAHLE, K. and BERMANO, G., 2014. Leptin inhibits proliferation of breast cancer cells at supraphysiological concentrations by inhibiting mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling. Oncology Letters, 8 (1), pp. 374-378.
    Leptin is a hormone secreted by white fat tissue and signals the amount of overall body fat to the hypothalamus. The circulating concentration of leptin correlates with the level of obesity. Breast cancer risk is higher ...
  • Molecular aspects of the link between obesity, insulin resistance and breast cancer. 

    Weichhaus, Michael (The Robert Gordon University Centre for Obesity Research and Epidemiology (CORE), 2010-11)
    WEICHHAUS, M., BROOM, I. and BERMANO, G., 2010. The molecular contribution of TNF-alpha in the link between obesity and breast cancer. Oncology Reports (in press)
     
    WEICHHAUS, M., BROOM, I., WAHLE, K. and BERMANO, G., 2009. Insulin-induced gene expression changes in breast cancer cells and normal breast epithelial cells. Poster presented at 17th European Congress in Obesity (ECO) in Amsterdam. Obesity Facts, 2 (Suppl. 2 ), p. S172
     
    WEICHHAUS, M., BROOM, I., WAHLE, K. and BERMANO, G., 2008. Molecular aspects linking insulin resistance to breast cancer by activation of cell signalling pathways. Poster presented at 6th Annual World Congress on the Insulin Resistance Syndrome (WCIRS) in Los Angeles. Diabetes and Vascular Disease Research, 5 (3), P. 233
     
    WEICHHAUS, M., BROOM, I., WAHLE, K. and BERMANO, G., 2008. Molecular aspects of insulin resistance, cell signalling pathways and breast cancer in relation to obesity. Poster presented at the 16th European Congress on Obesity (ECO2008) in Geneva. International Journal of Obesity, 32 (Suppl. 1), P. S38
     
    WEICHHAUS, M., BROOM, I., WAHLE, K. and BERMANO, G., 2009. Effect of hypeinsulinaemia and impaired adipokines secretion on proliferation of human breast cancer and normal human breast epithelial cells. Oral presentation at the 5th Asia-Oceania Conference on Obesity (AOCO) in Mumbai. International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries, 28, P. S21
     
    Obesity is a multi-factorial metabolic disease, resulting in increased adipose tissue acquisition by the host. This disease increases the risk for developing co-morbidities, including Metabolic Syndrome and other disorders ...
  • Obesity and its health impact in Africa: a systematic review. 

    Adeboye, Bridget; Bermano, Giovanna; Rolland, Catherine (Clinics Cardive Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.5830/CVJA-2012-040, 2012-10)
    ADEBOYE, B., BERMANO, G. and ROLLAND, C., 2012. Obesity and its health impact in Africa: a systematic review. Cardiovascular Journal of Africa, 23 (9), pp. 512-521.
    Obesity and its association with co-morbidities in Africa are on the rise. This systematic review examines evidence of obesity and its association with co-morbidities within the African continent. Comparative studies ...
  • Optimizing acceptability and feasibility of an evidence-based behavioral intervention for obese adults with obesity-related co-morbidities or additional risk factors for co-morbidities: an open-pilot intervention study in secondary care. 

    Dombrowski, Stephan U.; Sniehotta, Falko F.; Johnston, Marie; Broom, Iain; Kulkarni, Utkarsh; Brown, Jennifer E.; Murray, Lynne; Soares, Vera A. (Elsevier. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2011.08.003, 2012-04)
    DOMBROWSKI, S. U., SNIEHOTTA, F. F., JOHNSTON, M., BROOM, I., KULKARNI, U., BROWN, J., MURRAY, L., SOARES, V. A., 2012. Optimizing acceptability and feasibility of an evidence-based behavioral intervention for obese adults with obesity-related co-morbidities or additional risk factors for co-morbidities: an open-pilot intervention study in secondary care. Patient Education and Counseling, 87 (1), pp. 108-119.
    Objective To test and optimize the feasibility and acceptability of a physical activity (PA) and healthy eating behavior change intervention for obese adults with obesity-related co-morbidities or additional risk factors ...
  • Over-the-counter Orlistat: early experiences, views and attitudes of community pharmacists in Great Britain. 

    Weidmann, Anita Elaine; Cunningham, Scott; Gray, Gwen; Hansford, Denise; McLay, James; Broom, John; Stewart, Derek C. (Springer Verlag http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11096-011-9516-z, 2011-08)
    WEIDMAN, A. E., CUNNINGHAM, S., GRAY, G., HANSFORD, D., MCLAY, J., BROOM, J. and STEWART, D., 2011. Over-the-counter Orlistat: early experiences, views and attitudes of community pharmacists in Great Britain. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, 33 (4), pp. 627-633.
    Objectives of the study To describe community pharmacists’ early experiences, views and attitudes with over-the-counter orlistat, 9 months post legal re-classification from November 2009 to January 2010. Setting 13,200 ...
  • A retrospective analysis of a community based weight loss programme in conjunction with group behavioural change sessions in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). 

    Nikokavoura, Efsevia Anastasia (Robert Gordon University Centre for Obesity Research and Epidemiology, 2014-11)
    Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is variously reported to affect between 5-26 % of reproductive age women in the UK and it accounts for up to to 75% of women attending fertility clinics due to anovulation. The major symptoms ...
  • Review: barriers to physical activity in obese adults: a rapid evidence assessment. 

    Broom, Iain (SAGE https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1744987116647820, 2016-05-11)
    BROOM, I. 2016. Review: barriers to physical activity in obese adults: a rapid evidence assessment. Journal of research in nursing [online], OnlineFirst. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1744987116647820
    Obesity is clearly a major public health problem in developed nations, but also impacts on the health of developing countries, as they adopt lifestyle practices of the former. Physical activity, or lack of it, contributes ...
  • Very-low-energy diets and morbidity: a systematic review of longer-term evidence. 

    Mulholland, Yvonne; Nicokavoura, Efsevia; Broom, John; Rolland, Catherine (Cambridge University Press http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114512001924, 2012-09)
    MULHOLLAND, Y., NICOKAVOURA, E., BROOM, J. and ROLLAND, C., 2012. Very-low-energy diets and morbidity: a systematic review of longer-term evidence. British Journal of Nutrition, 108 (5), pp. 832-851.
    Evidence from the literature supports the safe use of very-low-energy diets (VLED) for up to 3 months in supervised conditions for patients who fail to meet a target weight loss using a standard low-fat, reduced-energy ...
  • Weight loss and ethnicity: a cohort study of the effects induced by a very low calorie diet. 

    Rolland, Catherine; Hallam, Claire; Lula, Sadiq; Wiggins, John; Dyson, Lee; Van Gaal, Luc F.; Broom, Iain (Hikari Ltd. http://m-hikari.com/cems/cems2013/cems1-4-2013/rollandCEMS1-4-2013.pdf, 2012)
    ROLLAND, C., HALLAM, C., LULA, S., WIGGINS, J., DYSON, L., VAN GAAL, L. F. and BROOM, I., 2012. Weight loss and ethnicity: a cohort study of the effects induced by a very low calorie diet. Clinical and Experimental Medical Sciences, 1 (3), pp. 97-109.
    Background: We aimed to determine whether British Asians of Indian or Pakistani descent differed in their baseline characteristics and in response to a 12 week very low calorie diet (VLCD). We then assessed if changes ...
  • Weight loss for women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome following a very low-calorie diet in a community-based setting with trained facilitators for 12 weeks. 

    Nikokavoura, Efsevia Anastasia; Johnston, Kelly L.; Broom, John; Wrieden, Wendy L.; Rolland, Catherine (Dove Medical Press http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S85134, 2015-10)
    NIKOKAVOURA, E. A., JOHNSTON, E. L., BROOM, J., WRIEDEN, W. L. and ROLLAND, C., 2015. Weight loss for women with and without polycystic ovary syndrome following a very low-calorie diet in a community-based setting with trained facilitators for 12 weeks. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy, 2015:8, pp. 495-503.
    Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects between 2% and 26% of reproductive-age women in the UK, and accounts for up to 75% of anovulatory infertility. The major symptoms include ovarian disruption, hyperandrogenism, ...