Now showing items 442-461 of 1317

  • The Environing Air: A meditation on communications structures in natural environments. 

    Spark, Judy (University of Windsor, Canada. http://www.phaenex.uwindsor.ca/ojs/leddy/index.php/phaenex/article/view/3908/3094, 2013)
    SPARK, J., 2013. The Environing Air: A meditation on communications structures in natural environments. PhaenEx: Journal of Existential and Phenomenological Theory and Culture, 8 (1), pp. 185-207.
    Any attention paid to the positioning of telecommunications installations in natural landscapes usually relates to the aesthetic impact. However, such paraphernalia, particularly when contrasted with “natural” surroundings, ...
  • Environmental assessment of energy efficiency improvements in historic buildings: solid wall insulation. 

    Herrera-Gutierrez-Avellanosa, Daniel; Bennadji, Amar (Robert Gordon University. http://www.rgu.ac.uk/download.cfm?downloadfile=DD9E0FC0-9A42-11E4-9D160050568D0025&typename=dmFile&fieldname=filename, 2014-11)
    HERRERA-GUTIERREZ-AVELLANOSA, D. and BENNADJI, A., 2014. Environmental assessment of energy efficiency improvements in historic buildings: solid wall insulation. In: T. KOUIDER, ed. Architectural Technology, Towards Innovative Professional Practice : Conference Proceedings of the 5th International Congress of Architectural Technology, Aberdeen 2014 (ICAT2014) 7 November 2014. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University. Pp. 3-12.
    Since the elaboration of the Leipzig Charter on Sustainable European Cities in 2007, energy retrofit has become one of the priorities for the European Union. However, to achieve a sustainable development of the built ...
  • Environmental design using dynamic insulation. 

    Taylor, Bruce J.; Imbabi, Mohammed S. (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers., 2000-07)
    TAYLOR, B. J. and IMBABI, M. S., 2000. Environmental design using dynamic insulation. ASHRAE Transactions, 106(1), pp. 15- 26.
    In conventional airtight buildings, the architect has considerable freedom to decide how much the external environment will influence the internal heating, cooling, and ventilation loads. The services engineer provides the ...
  • The environmental impacts and developmental constraints of tidal current energy generation. 

    Dacre, Sarah Lynn (Robert Gordon University School of Engineering, 2007-07)
    The thesis discusses the environmental impacts and developmental constraints of tidal current energy. Using an iterative approach and drawing upon a number of different methodologies the thesis attempts to evaluate the ...
  • Environmental risk management of contamination of marine biota by hydrocarbons specifically those arising following an oil spill. 

    Enwere, Rita (The Robert Gordon University School of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 2009-03)
    Marine pollution resulting from oil spillage has received much attention mostly due to the damaging effects it has on fisheries and aquacultures. One component of oil that is widely studied due to its toxic and carcinogenic ...
  • Environmentally sensitive printmaking: a framework for safe practice. 

    Pengelly, Jon (Robert Gordon University Gray's School of Art, 1997-08)
    This research is concerned with establishing a rationale which will link safe printmaking practices with artists' individual and sustainable creative practices, by investigating the preconception that printmaking practices ...
  • Equal pay legislation and its impact on the gender pay gap. 

    Gow, Laura; Middlemiss, Sam (SAGE. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1358229112440442, 2011-12)
    GOW, L. and MIDDLEMISS, S., 2011. Equal pay legislation and its impact on the gender pay gap. International Journal of Discrimination and the Law, 11 (4), pp. 164-186.
    Equal pay legislation has been in existence for over 40 years in the UK and the legal rules dealing with equal pay have been consolidated and amended recently with the implementation of the Equality Act 2010. However, ...
  • Equality versus solidarity. 

    Spicker, Paul (Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1477-7053.1992.tb00767.x, 1992-01)
    SPICKER, P., 1992. Equality versus solidarity. Government and Opposition, 27 (1), pp. 66 – 77.
    Although equality and solidarity are often thought of as constituent parts of the same ideological framework, there are inconsistencies between them. Both concepts refer to a range of meanings: equality can refer to equal ...
  • Escaping local optima in multi-agent oriented constraint satisfaction. 

    Basharu, Muhammed; Ahriz, Hatem; Arana, Ines (Springer-Verlag., 2004)
    BASHARU, M., AHRIZ, H. and ARANA, I., 2003. Escaping local optima in multi-agent oriented constraint satisfaction. In: F. COENEN, A. PREECE and A. MACINTOSH, eds. Research and development in intelligent systems Xx. Proceedings of Ai2003, the twenty-third SGAI international conference on innovative techniques and applications of artificial intelligence. 15-17 December 2003. Cambridge, UK. Pp. 97-110.
    We present a multi-agent approach to constraint satisfaction where feedback and reinforcement are used in order to avoid local optima and, consequently, to improve the overall solution. Our approach, FeReRA, is based on ...
  • Escaping local optima with penalties in distributed iterative improvement search. 

    Basharu, Muhammed; Arana, Ines; Ahriz, Hatem (IJCAI, 2005-07)
    BASHARU, M., ARANA, I. and AHRIZ, H., 2005. Escaping local optima with penalties in distributed iterative improvement search. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Distributed Constraint Reasoning, DCR2005. 30 July 2005. pp. 192-206.
    The advantages offered by iterative improvement search make it a popular technique for solving problems in centralised settings. However, the key challenge with this approach is finding effective strategies for dealing ...
  • Escaping local optima: constraint weights vs. value penalties. 

    Basharu, Muhammed; Arana, Ines; Ahriz, Hatem (Springer Verlag http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-84800-094-0_5, 2007)
    BASHARU, M., ARANA, I. and AHRIZ, H. 2007. Escaping local optima: constraint weights vs. value penalties. In: M. BRAMER, F. COENEN and PETRIDIS, M. (eds.) Research and development in intelligent systems XXIV. Proceedings of the 27th SGAI International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AI-07, 10-12 December 2007. Cambridge. pp. 51-64
    Constraint Satisfaction Problems can be solved using either iterative improvement or constructive search approaches. Iterative improvement techniques converge quicker than the constructive search techniques on large ...
  • Ethical covert research. 

    Spicker, Paul (SAGE http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0038038510387195, 2011-02)
    SPICKER, P., 2011. Ethical covert research. Sociology, 45 (1), pp. 118-133.
    Covert research is research which is not declared to the research participants or subjects. This is often muddled with deception, and condemned as intrinsically unethical. The basis of that condemnation is a legitimate ...
  • The ethics of policy research. 

    Spicker, Paul (Policy Press http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/174426407779702148, 2007-01)
    SPICKER, P., 2007. The ethics of policy research. Evidence & Policy, 3 (1), pp. 99-118.
    Codes of ethics governing research in social science have tended to focus on the rights of participants in research. This focus is too narrow to be an effective guide for ethical policy research. Some typical problems ...
  • The European Citizens’ Initiative: a new sphere of EU politics? 

    Garcia, Luis Bouza; Greenwood, Justin (Palgrave Macmillan http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/iga.2014.14, 2014-10)
    GARCIA, L. B. and GREENWOOD, J., 2014. The European Citizens’ Initiative: a new sphere of EU politics? Interest Groups & Advocacy, 3 (3), pp. 246-267.
    EU public policy is notoriously technical and consensus orientated, and dialogue between political institutions and interest groups enhance tendencies for inward looking and elite politics. The European Citizens’ Initiative ...
  • The European Citizen’s Initiative and EU civil society organisations. 

    Greenwood, Justin (Taylor & Francis. http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/15705854.2012.702576, 2012-09)
    GREENWOOD, J., 2012. The European Citizen’s Initiative and EU civil society organisations. Perspectives on European Politics and Society, 13 (3), pp. 325-336.
    The procedural demands of the new European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI) require the 'Citizens Committees' which host them to be backed by professional organisation. One potential source would be civil society organisations ...
  • The European Commission and the public governance of interest groups in the European Union: seeking a niche between accreditation and laissez-faire. 

    Greenwood, Justin; Halpin, Darren (Taylor & Francis. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15705850701322541, 2007)
    GREENWOOD, J. and HALPIN, D., 2007. The European Commission and the public governance of interest groups in the European Union: seeking a niche between accreditation and laissez-faire. Perspectives on European Politics and Society, 8 (2), pp. 189-210.
    As interest groups participate in public policy, so demands arise for the regulation of their input. These vary between purposeful laissez-faire, and accreditation in return for norm observance, with attempts to find ...
  • The European Human Rights influence upon UK extradition – myth debunked. 

    Arnell, Paul (Brill Academic. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/15718174-21042032, 2013)
    ARNELL, P., 2013. The European Human Rights influence upon UK extradition – myth debunked. European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, 21 (3-4), pp. 317-337.
    There exists a perception within the UK that human rights law emanating from Europe acts to the detriment of extradition. This is not the case. This article describes the effect of the ECHR and Fundamental Charter of Human ...
  • European Union information: an investigation of need amongst public library users in 3 Scottish authorities. 

    Marcella, Rita; Baxter, Graeme (Sage Publications http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/096100069702900202, 1997-06)
    MARCELLA, R. and BAXTER, G. European Union information: an investigation of need amongst public library users in 3 Scottish authorities. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, June 1997, 29(2), pp.69-75.
    Reports results of a British Library funded study, undertaken by the School of Information and Media, Robert Gordon University with the help of three public libraries services (Aberdeen, Glasgow and Moray), to investigate ...
  • Evaluating GraysNet: an online PDP tool for use in an art and design context. 

    Malins, Julian Paul; McKillop, Chris (Intellect http://dx.doi.org/10.1386/adch.4.1.31/1, 2005-09)
    MALINS, J. and McKILLOP, C., 2005. Evaluating GraysNet: an online PDP tool for use in an art and design context. Art, Design & Communication in Higher Education, 4 (1), pp. 31-48.
    Personal development planning (PDP) is a phrase that encompasses a number of activities including reflecting on learning, recording of achievement and career planning. Embedding these activities is a goal widely shared ...
  • Evaluating the effectiveness of design support for small and medium sized enterprises in Scotland. 

    Gulari, Melehat Nil (Robert Gordon University Gray's School of Art, 2014-12)
    Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are the engine of economic growth and job creation. Governments have devoted considerable resources to increase their competitiveness in the market. Several design support ...