Now showing items 478-497 of 1384

  • Equal pay legislation and its impact on the gender pay gap. 

    Gow, Laura; Middlemiss, Sam (SAGE. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1358229112440442, 2011-12)
    GOW, L. and MIDDLEMISS, S., 2011. Equal pay legislation and its impact on the gender pay gap. International Journal of Discrimination and the Law, 11 (4), pp. 164-186.
    Equal pay legislation has been in existence for over 40 years in the UK and the legal rules dealing with equal pay have been consolidated and amended recently with the implementation of the Equality Act 2010. However, ...
  • Equality versus solidarity. 

    Spicker, Paul (Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1477-7053.1992.tb00767.x, 1992-01)
    SPICKER, P., 1992. Equality versus solidarity. Government and Opposition, 27 (1), pp. 66 – 77.
    Although equality and solidarity are often thought of as constituent parts of the same ideological framework, there are inconsistencies between them. Both concepts refer to a range of meanings: equality can refer to equal ...
  • Escaping local optima in multi-agent oriented constraint satisfaction. 

    Basharu, Muhammed; Ahriz, Hatem; Arana, Ines (Springer-Verlag., 2004)
    BASHARU, M., AHRIZ, H. and ARANA, I., 2003. Escaping local optima in multi-agent oriented constraint satisfaction. In: F. COENEN, A. PREECE and A. MACINTOSH, eds. Research and development in intelligent systems Xx. Proceedings of Ai2003, the twenty-third SGAI international conference on innovative techniques and applications of artificial intelligence. 15-17 December 2003. Cambridge, UK. Pp. 97-110.
    We present a multi-agent approach to constraint satisfaction where feedback and reinforcement are used in order to avoid local optima and, consequently, to improve the overall solution. Our approach, FeReRA, is based on ...
  • Escaping local optima with penalties in distributed iterative improvement search. 

    Basharu, Muhammed; Arana, Ines; Ahriz, Hatem (IJCAI, 2005-07)
    BASHARU, M., ARANA, I. and AHRIZ, H., 2005. Escaping local optima with penalties in distributed iterative improvement search. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Distributed Constraint Reasoning, DCR2005. 30 July 2005. pp. 192-206.
    The advantages offered by iterative improvement search make it a popular technique for solving problems in centralised settings. However, the key challenge with this approach is finding effective strategies for dealing ...
  • Escaping local optima: constraint weights vs. value penalties. 

    Basharu, Muhammed; Arana, Ines; Ahriz, Hatem (Springer Verlag http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-84800-094-0_5, 2007)
    BASHARU, M., ARANA, I. and AHRIZ, H. 2007. Escaping local optima: constraint weights vs. value penalties. In: M. BRAMER, F. COENEN and PETRIDIS, M. (eds.) Research and development in intelligent systems XXIV. Proceedings of the 27th SGAI International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AI-07, 10-12 December 2007. Cambridge. pp. 51-64
    Constraint Satisfaction Problems can be solved using either iterative improvement or constructive search approaches. Iterative improvement techniques converge quicker than the constructive search techniques on large ...
  • Ethical covert research. 

    Spicker, Paul (SAGE http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0038038510387195, 2011-02)
    SPICKER, P., 2011. Ethical covert research. Sociology, 45 (1), pp. 118-133.
    Covert research is research which is not declared to the research participants or subjects. This is often muddled with deception, and condemned as intrinsically unethical. The basis of that condemnation is a legitimate ...
  • The ethics of policy research. 

    Spicker, Paul (Policy Press http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/174426407779702148, 2007-01)
    SPICKER, P., 2007. The ethics of policy research. Evidence & Policy, 3 (1), pp. 99-118.
    Codes of ethics governing research in social science have tended to focus on the rights of participants in research. This focus is too narrow to be an effective guide for ethical policy research. Some typical problems ...
  • The European Citizens’ Initiative: a new sphere of EU politics? 

    Garcia, Luis Bouza; Greenwood, Justin (Palgrave Macmillan http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/iga.2014.14, 2014-10)
    GARCIA, L. B. and GREENWOOD, J., 2014. The European Citizens’ Initiative: a new sphere of EU politics? Interest Groups & Advocacy, 3 (3), pp. 246-267.
    EU public policy is notoriously technical and consensus orientated, and dialogue between political institutions and interest groups enhance tendencies for inward looking and elite politics. The European Citizens’ Initiative ...
  • The European Citizens’ Initiative: the territorial extension of a European political public sphere? 

    Greenwood, Justin; Tuokko, Katja (Taylor and Francis https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23745118.2016.1202234, 2016-07-04)
    GREENWOOD, J. and TUOKKO, K. 2016. The European Citizens’ Initiative: the territorial extension of a European political public sphere? European politics and society [online], Latest Articles. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23745118.2016.1202234
    A key aim of the European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI) introduced in 2012 was to promote transnational discussion and deliberation, but there is relatively little analysis of the impact of this feature. We use primary and ...
  • The European Citizen’s Initiative and EU civil society organisations. 

    Greenwood, Justin (Taylor & Francis. http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/15705854.2012.702576, 2012-09)
    GREENWOOD, J., 2012. The European Citizen’s Initiative and EU civil society organisations. Perspectives on European Politics and Society, 13 (3), pp. 325-336.
    The procedural demands of the new European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI) require the 'Citizens Committees' which host them to be backed by professional organisation. One potential source would be civil society organisations ...
  • The European Commission and the public governance of interest groups in the European Union: seeking a niche between accreditation and laissez-faire. 

    Greenwood, Justin; Halpin, Darren (Taylor & Francis. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15705850701322541, 2007)
    GREENWOOD, J. and HALPIN, D., 2007. The European Commission and the public governance of interest groups in the European Union: seeking a niche between accreditation and laissez-faire. Perspectives on European Politics and Society, 8 (2), pp. 189-210.
    As interest groups participate in public policy, so demands arise for the regulation of their input. These vary between purposeful laissez-faire, and accreditation in return for norm observance, with attempts to find ...
  • The European Human Rights influence upon UK extradition – myth debunked. 

    Arnell, Paul (Brill Academic. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/15718174-21042032, 2013)
    ARNELL, P., 2013. The European Human Rights influence upon UK extradition – myth debunked. European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, 21 (3-4), pp. 317-337.
    There exists a perception within the UK that human rights law emanating from Europe acts to the detriment of extradition. This is not the case. This article describes the effect of the ECHR and Fundamental Charter of Human ...
  • The European Parliament as a developing legislature: coming of age in trilogues? 

    Roederer-Rynning, Christilla; Greenwood, Justin (Taylor and Francis https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13501763.2016.1184297, 2016-06-08)
    ROEDERER-RYNNING, C. and GREENWOOD, J. 2016. The European Parliament as a developing legislature: coming of age in trilogues? Journal of European public policy [online], Latest Articles. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13501763.2016.1184297
    This article examines the institutionalization of the European Parliament-as-a-legislature. It draws on the political development scholarship to conceptualize institutionalization and highlight the role of the environment ...
  • European Union information: an investigation of need amongst public library users in 3 Scottish authorities. 

    Marcella, Rita; Baxter, Graeme (Sage Publications http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/096100069702900202, 1997-06)
    MARCELLA, R. and BAXTER, G. European Union information: an investigation of need amongst public library users in 3 Scottish authorities. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, June 1997, 29(2), pp.69-75.
    Reports results of a British Library funded study, undertaken by the School of Information and Media, Robert Gordon University with the help of three public libraries services (Aberdeen, Glasgow and Moray), to investigate ...
  • Evaluating degrees of tenant isolation in multitenancy patterns: a case study of cloud-hosted version control system (VCS). 

    Ochei, Laud Charles; Petrovski, Andrei; Bass, Julian M. (IEEE http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/i-Society.2015.7366859, 2015-11)
    OCHEI, L.C., PETROVSKI, A. and BASS, J.M. 2015. Evaluating degrees of tenant isolation in multitenancy patterns: a case study of cloud-hosted version control system (VCS). In Proceedings of the 2015 international conference on information society (i-Society), 9-11 November 2015, London, UK. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE [online], pages 59-66. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/i-Society.2015.7366859
    One of the key concerns of implementing multitenancy (i.e., serving multiple tenants with a single instance of an application) on the cloud is how to enable the required degree of isolation between tenants, so that the ...
  • Evaluating GraysNet: an online PDP tool for use in an art and design context. 

    Malins, Julian Paul; McKillop, Chris (Intellect http://dx.doi.org/10.1386/adch.4.1.31/1, 2005-09)
    MALINS, J. and McKILLOP, C., 2005. Evaluating GraysNet: an online PDP tool for use in an art and design context. Art, Design & Communication in Higher Education, 4 (1), pp. 31-48.
    Personal development planning (PDP) is a phrase that encompasses a number of activities including reflecting on learning, recording of achievement and career planning. Embedding these activities is a goal widely shared ...
  • Evaluating the effectiveness of design support for small and medium sized enterprises in Scotland. 

    Gulari, Melehat Nil (Robert Gordon University Gray's School of Art, 2014-12)
    Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are the engine of economic growth and job creation. Governments have devoted considerable resources to increase their competitiveness in the market. Several design support ...
  • Evaluation and testing of a novel photocatalytic reactor with model water pollutants. 

    Mohammed, Abdulrahman Olawole (The Robert Gordon University Centre for Research in Energy and the Environment, School of Engineering., 2007-05)
    Semiconductor photocatalysis is a newly emerging technology for the elimination of harmful chemical compounds from air and water. It couples low-energy ultraviolet light with semiconductors acting as photocatalyst and ...
  • An evaluation of an educational programme to prepare family health nurses 

    Macduff, Colin; West, Bernice J. M. (Elsevier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2004.08.001, 2004-10)
    MACDUFF, C. and WEST, B., 2004. An evaluation of an educational programme to prepare family health nurses. Nurse Education Today, 24 (7), pp. 575-583
    In 1998 the World Health Organisation (WHO) Europe proposed a new type of community based nurse called the family health nurse (FHN). Although it was initially envisaged that 18 European countries would take part in the ...
  • Evaluation of methodology for detection and quantification of coliform bacteria and their survival in soil and water 

    Bannister, Elaine (The Robert Gordon University School of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 2010-02)
    In Aberdeenshire, approximately 25,000 people rely on potable water from private water supplies. Many of these supplies are of questionable quality with regards to microbiological contamination, which is often due to a ...