Now showing items 528-547 of 1652

  • Entrepreneurship activities in rural Tanzania: understanding women's micro businesses. 

    Ssendi, Lucy Boniface (Robert Gordon University Department of Management, 2013-02)
    In rural Tanzania women play a crucially important role in social and economic production. However, the constraints of poverty, combined with poor infrastructure and minimal resources, limit entrepreneurial possibilities. ...
  • Entrepreneurship as a community phenomenon: reconnecting meanings and place. 

    Anderson, Alistair R.; Gaddefors, Johan (Inderscience https://dx.doi.org/10.1504/IJESB.2016.077576, 2016-07-01)
    ANDERSON, A.R. and GADDEFORS, J. 2016. Entrepreneurship as a community phenomenon: reconnecting meanings and place. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business (online), 28(4), pages 504-518. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1504/IJESB.2016.077576
    This paper explores entrepreneurship as a community phenomenon to establish the roles of entrepreneurship within the social and spatial boundaries of place. During the decade of studying this place through an entrepreneurial ...
  • Entrepreneurship as connecting: some implications for theorising and practice. 

    Anderson, Alistair R.; Dodd, Sarah Drakopoulou; Jack, Sarah L. (Emerald Group Publishing Ltd. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/00251741211227708, 2012)
    ANDERSON, A. R., DODD, S. D. and JACK, S. L., 2012. Entrepreneurship as connecting: some implications for theorising and practice. Management Decision, 50 (5), pp. 958-971
    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to consider why entrepreneurship theorising has become fragmented and how the research problem might be resolved. Design/methodology/approach – The authors first examine how ...
  • Entrepreneurship as re-sourcing: towards a new image of entrepreneurship in a time of financial, economic and socio-spatial crisis. 

    Korsgaard, Steffen; Anderson, Alistair R.; Gaddesfors, Johan (Emerald https://dx.doi.org/10.1108/JEC-03-2014-0002, 2016-04-01)
    KORSGAARD, S., ANDERSON, A.R. and GADDEFORS, J. 2016. Entrepreneurship as re-sourcing: Towards a new image of entrepreneurship in a time of financial, economic and socio-spatial crisis. Journal of enterprising communities: people and places in the global economy [online], 10(2), pages 178-202. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1108/JEC-03-2014-0002
    The purpose of this paper is to develop an understanding of entrepreneurship that can help researchers, policymakers and practitioners develop entrepreneurial responses to the current economic, environmental and socio-spatial ...
  • Entrepreneurship, windfall gains and financial constraints: evidence from Germany. 

    Schaeffer, Dorothea; Talavera, Oleksandr; Weir, Charlie (University of East Anglia http://ideas.repec.org/p/uea/aepppr/2010_9.html, 2010-05)
    SCHAEFFER, D., TALAVERA, O. and WEIR, C., 2010. Entrepreneurship, windfall gains and financial constraints: evidence from Germany. University of East Anglia AEP Discussion Papers in Economics, Paper 2010_09.
    We investigate the link between the propensity to become an entrepreneur and exogenous release from financial constraints in Germany. This is defined in terms of the movement from employment to self employment on receipt ...
  • Entrepreneurship: a divergent pathway out of crime. 

    Smith, Robert (Cambridge Scholars Publisher., 2009)
    SMITH, R., 2009. Entrepreneurship: a divergent pathway out of crime. In: K. JAISHANKAR (ed.) International perspectives on crime and justice. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. pp. 162-184.
    This chapter illustrates how knowledge of entrepreneurship can be used as a diversionary mechanism to divert and lead offenders out of crime. Indeed, entrepreneurship offers such a divergent pathway but paradoxically ...
  • The Environing Air: A meditation on communications structures in natural environments. 

    Spark, Judy (University of Windsor, Canada. http://www.phaenex.uwindsor.ca/ojs/leddy/index.php/phaenex/article/view/3908/3094, 2013)
    SPARK, J., 2013. The Environing Air: A meditation on communications structures in natural environments. PhaenEx: Journal of Existential and Phenomenological Theory and Culture, 8 (1), pp. 185-207.
    Any attention paid to the positioning of telecommunications installations in natural landscapes usually relates to the aesthetic impact. However, such paraphernalia, particularly when contrasted with “natural” surroundings, ...
  • Environmental assessment of energy efficiency improvements in historic buildings: solid wall insulation. 

    Herrera Gutierrez-Avellanosa, Daniel; Bennadji, Amar (Robert Gordon University. http://www.rgu.ac.uk/download.cfm?downloadfile=DD9E0FC0-9A42-11E4-9D160050568D0025&typename=dmFile&fieldname=filename, 2014-11)
    HERRERA GUTIERREZ-AVELLANOSA, D. and BENNADJI, A., 2014. Environmental assessment of energy efficiency improvements in historic buildings: solid wall insulation. In: T. KOUIDER, ed. Architectural Technology, Towards Innovative Professional Practice : Conference Proceedings of the 5th International Congress of Architectural Technology, Aberdeen 2014 (ICAT2014) 7 November 2014. Aberdeen: Robert Gordon University. Pp. 3-12.
    Since the elaboration of the Leipzig Charter on Sustainable European Cities in 2007, energy retrofit has become one of the priorities for the European Union. However, to achieve a sustainable development of the built ...
  • Environmental design using dynamic insulation. 

    Taylor, Bruce J.; Imbabi, Mohammed S. (American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers., 2000-07)
    TAYLOR, B. J. and IMBABI, M. S., 2000. Environmental design using dynamic insulation. ASHRAE Transactions, 106(1), pp. 15- 26.
    In conventional airtight buildings, the architect has considerable freedom to decide how much the external environment will influence the internal heating, cooling, and ventilation loads. The services engineer provides the ...
  • The environmental impacts and developmental constraints of tidal current energy generation. 

    Dacre, Sarah Lynn (Robert Gordon University School of Engineering, 2007-07)
    The thesis discusses the environmental impacts and developmental constraints of tidal current energy. Using an iterative approach and drawing upon a number of different methodologies the thesis attempts to evaluate the ...
  • Environmental risk management of contamination of marine biota by hydrocarbons specifically those arising following an oil spill. 

    Enwere, Rita (The Robert Gordon University School of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 2009-03)
    Marine pollution resulting from oil spillage has received much attention mostly due to the damaging effects it has on fisheries and aquacultures. One component of oil that is widely studied due to its toxic and carcinogenic ...
  • Environmentally sensitive printmaking: a framework for safe practice. 

    Pengelly, Jon (Robert Gordon University Gray's School of Art, 1997-08)
    This research is concerned with establishing a rationale which will link safe printmaking practices with artists' individual and sustainable creative practices, by investigating the preconception that printmaking practices ...
  • Equal pay legislation and its impact on the gender pay gap. 

    Gow, Laura; Middlemiss, Sam (SAGE. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1358229112440442, 2011-12)
    GOW, L. and MIDDLEMISS, S., 2011. Equal pay legislation and its impact on the gender pay gap. International Journal of Discrimination and the Law, 11 (4), pp. 164-186.
    Equal pay legislation has been in existence for over 40 years in the UK and the legal rules dealing with equal pay have been consolidated and amended recently with the implementation of the Equality Act 2010. However, ...
  • Equality versus solidarity. 

    Spicker, Paul (Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1477-7053.1992.tb00767.x, 1992-01)
    SPICKER, P., 1992. Equality versus solidarity. Government and Opposition, 27 (1), pp. 66 – 77.
    Although equality and solidarity are often thought of as constituent parts of the same ideological framework, there are inconsistencies between them. Both concepts refer to a range of meanings: equality can refer to equal ...
  • Escaping local optima in multi-agent oriented constraint satisfaction. 

    Basharu, Muhammed; Ahriz, Hatem; Arana, Ines (Springer-Verlag., 2004)
    BASHARU, M., AHRIZ, H. and ARANA, I., 2003. Escaping local optima in multi-agent oriented constraint satisfaction. In: F. COENEN, A. PREECE and A. MACINTOSH, eds. Research and development in intelligent systems Xx. Proceedings of Ai2003, the twenty-third SGAI international conference on innovative techniques and applications of artificial intelligence. 15-17 December 2003. Cambridge, UK. Pp. 97-110.
    We present a multi-agent approach to constraint satisfaction where feedback and reinforcement are used in order to avoid local optima and, consequently, to improve the overall solution. Our approach, FeReRA, is based on ...
  • Escaping local optima with penalties in distributed iterative improvement search. 

    Basharu, Muhammed; Arana, Ines; Ahriz, Hatem (IJCAI, 2005-07)
    BASHARU, M., ARANA, I. and AHRIZ, H., 2005. Escaping local optima with penalties in distributed iterative improvement search. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Distributed Constraint Reasoning, DCR2005. 30 July 2005. pp. 192-206.
    The advantages offered by iterative improvement search make it a popular technique for solving problems in centralised settings. However, the key challenge with this approach is finding effective strategies for dealing ...
  • Escaping local optima: constraint weights vs. value penalties. 

    Basharu, Muhammed; Arana, Ines; Ahriz, Hatem (Springer Verlag http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-84800-094-0_5, 2007)
    BASHARU, M., ARANA, I. and AHRIZ, H. 2007. Escaping local optima: constraint weights vs. value penalties. In: M. BRAMER, F. COENEN and PETRIDIS, M. (eds.) Research and development in intelligent systems XXIV. Proceedings of the 27th SGAI International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AI-07, 10-12 December 2007. Cambridge. pp. 51-64
    Constraint Satisfaction Problems can be solved using either iterative improvement or constructive search approaches. Iterative improvement techniques converge quicker than the constructive search techniques on large ...
  • Ethical covert research. 

    Spicker, Paul (SAGE http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0038038510387195, 2011-02)
    SPICKER, P., 2011. Ethical covert research. Sociology, 45 (1), pp. 118-133.
    Covert research is research which is not declared to the research participants or subjects. This is often muddled with deception, and condemned as intrinsically unethical. The basis of that condemnation is a legitimate ...
  • Ethical design: a foundation for visual communication. 

    Buwert, Peter (Robert Gordon University Faculty of Design and Technology. Gray's School of Art., 2016-05)
    BUWERT, P. 2016. Ethical design: a foundation for visual communication. Robert Gordon University, PhD thesis.
    The central original contribution to knowledge proposed by this thesis is the setting forth of a conceptualisation of ethical theory specifically in relation to design, with a focus on visual communication design. Building ...
  • The ethics of policy research. 

    Spicker, Paul (Policy Press http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/174426407779702148, 2007-01)
    SPICKER, P., 2007. The ethics of policy research. Evidence & Policy, 3 (1), pp. 99-118.
    Codes of ethics governing research in social science have tended to focus on the rights of participants in research. This focus is too narrow to be an effective guide for ethical policy research. Some typical problems ...