Now showing items 587-606 of 1803

  • Equal pay legislation and its impact on the gender pay gap. 

    Gow, Laura; Middlemiss, Sam (SAGE. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1358229112440442, 2011-12)
    GOW, L. and MIDDLEMISS, S., 2011. Equal pay legislation and its impact on the gender pay gap. International Journal of Discrimination and the Law, 11 (4), pp. 164-186.
    Equal pay legislation has been in existence for over 40 years in the UK and the legal rules dealing with equal pay have been consolidated and amended recently with the implementation of the Equality Act 2010. However, ...
  • Equality versus solidarity. 

    Spicker, Paul (Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1477-7053.1992.tb00767.x, 1992-01)
    SPICKER, P., 1992. Equality versus solidarity. Government and Opposition, 27 (1), pp. 66 – 77.
    Although equality and solidarity are often thought of as constituent parts of the same ideological framework, there are inconsistencies between them. Both concepts refer to a range of meanings: equality can refer to equal ...
  • Escaping local optima in multi-agent oriented constraint satisfaction. 

    Basharu, Muhammed; Ahriz, Hatem; Arana, Ines (Springer-Verlag., 2004)
    BASHARU, M., AHRIZ, H. and ARANA, I., 2003. Escaping local optima in multi-agent oriented constraint satisfaction. In: F. COENEN, A. PREECE and A. MACINTOSH, eds. Research and development in intelligent systems Xx. Proceedings of Ai2003, the twenty-third SGAI international conference on innovative techniques and applications of artificial intelligence. 15-17 December 2003. Cambridge, UK. Pp. 97-110.
    We present a multi-agent approach to constraint satisfaction where feedback and reinforcement are used in order to avoid local optima and, consequently, to improve the overall solution. Our approach, FeReRA, is based on ...
  • Escaping local optima with penalties in distributed iterative improvement search. 

    Basharu, Muhammed; Arana, Ines; Ahriz, Hatem (IJCAI, 2005-07)
    BASHARU, M., ARANA, I. and AHRIZ, H., 2005. Escaping local optima with penalties in distributed iterative improvement search. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Distributed Constraint Reasoning, DCR2005. 30 July 2005. pp. 192-206.
    The advantages offered by iterative improvement search make it a popular technique for solving problems in centralised settings. However, the key challenge with this approach is finding effective strategies for dealing ...
  • Escaping local optima: constraint weights vs. value penalties. 

    Basharu, Muhammed; Arana, Ines; Ahriz, Hatem (Springer Verlag http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-84800-094-0_5, 2007)
    BASHARU, M., ARANA, I. and AHRIZ, H. 2007. Escaping local optima: constraint weights vs. value penalties. In: M. BRAMER, F. COENEN and PETRIDIS, M. (eds.) Research and development in intelligent systems XXIV. Proceedings of the 27th SGAI International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AI-07, 10-12 December 2007. Cambridge. pp. 51-64
    Constraint Satisfaction Problems can be solved using either iterative improvement or constructive search approaches. Iterative improvement techniques converge quicker than the constructive search techniques on large ...
  • Ethical covert research. 

    Spicker, Paul (SAGE http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0038038510387195, 2011-02)
    SPICKER, P., 2011. Ethical covert research. Sociology, 45 (1), pp. 118-133.
    Covert research is research which is not declared to the research participants or subjects. This is often muddled with deception, and condemned as intrinsically unethical. The basis of that condemnation is a legitimate ...
  • Ethical design: a foundation for visual communication. 

    Buwert, Peter (Robert Gordon University Faculty of Design and Technology. Gray's School of Art., 2016-05)
    BUWERT, P. 2016. Ethical design: a foundation for visual communication. Robert Gordon University, PhD thesis.
    The central original contribution to knowledge proposed by this thesis is the setting forth of a conceptualisation of ethical theory specifically in relation to design, with a focus on visual communication design. Building ...
  • The ethics of policy research. 

    Spicker, Paul (Policy Press http://dx.doi.org/10.1332/174426407779702148, 2007-01)
    SPICKER, P., 2007. The ethics of policy research. Evidence & Policy, 3 (1), pp. 99-118.
    Codes of ethics governing research in social science have tended to focus on the rights of participants in research. This focus is too narrow to be an effective guide for ethical policy research. Some typical problems ...
  • The European Citizens’ Initiative: a new sphere of EU politics? 

    Garcia, Luis Bouza; Greenwood, Justin (Palgrave Macmillan http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/iga.2014.14, 2014-10)
    GARCIA, L. B. and GREENWOOD, J., 2014. The European Citizens’ Initiative: a new sphere of EU politics? Interest Groups & Advocacy, 3 (3), pp. 246-267.
    EU public policy is notoriously technical and consensus orientated, and dialogue between political institutions and interest groups enhance tendencies for inward looking and elite politics. The European Citizens’ Initiative ...
  • The European Citizens’ Initiative: the territorial extension of a European political public sphere? 

    Greenwood, Justin; Tuokko, Katja (Taylor and Francis https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23745118.2016.1202234, 2016-07-04)
    GREENWOOD, J. and TUOKKO, K. 2016. The European Citizens’ Initiative: the territorial extension of a European political public sphere? European politics and society [online], Latest Articles. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/23745118.2016.1202234
    A key aim of the European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI) introduced in 2012 was to promote transnational discussion and deliberation, but there is relatively little analysis of the impact of this feature. We use primary and ...
  • The European Citizen’s Initiative and EU civil society organisations. 

    Greenwood, Justin (Taylor & Francis. http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/15705854.2012.702576, 2012-09)
    GREENWOOD, J., 2012. The European Citizen’s Initiative and EU civil society organisations. Perspectives on European Politics and Society, 13 (3), pp. 325-336.
    The procedural demands of the new European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI) require the 'Citizens Committees' which host them to be backed by professional organisation. One potential source would be civil society organisations ...
  • The European Commission and the public governance of interest groups in the European Union: seeking a niche between accreditation and laissez-faire. 

    Greenwood, Justin; Halpin, Darren (Taylor & Francis. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15705850701322541, 2007)
    GREENWOOD, J. and HALPIN, D., 2007. The European Commission and the public governance of interest groups in the European Union: seeking a niche between accreditation and laissez-faire. Perspectives on European Politics and Society, 8 (2), pp. 189-210.
    As interest groups participate in public policy, so demands arise for the regulation of their input. These vary between purposeful laissez-faire, and accreditation in return for norm observance, with attempts to find ...
  • The European Human Rights influence upon UK extradition – myth debunked. 

    Arnell, Paul (Brill Academic. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/15718174-21042032, 2013)
    ARNELL, P., 2013. The European Human Rights influence upon UK extradition – myth debunked. European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, 21 (3-4), pp. 317-337.
    There exists a perception within the UK that human rights law emanating from Europe acts to the detriment of extradition. This is not the case. This article describes the effect of the ECHR and Fundamental Charter of Human ...
  • European information in public libraries in the United Kingdom: the implementation of the public information relay. 

    Marcella, Rita; Baxter, Graeme (Library Association, 1996-01-01)
    MARCELLA, R. and BAXTER, G. 1996. European information in public libraries in the United Kingdom: the implementation of the public information relay. Public library journal, 11(1), pages 11-12.
    In the early 1990s, during the lengthy and often heated debate over the United Kingdom's ratification of the Maastricht Treaty, the European Commission became increasingly aware of a communication gap between itself and ...
  • The European Parliament as a developing legislature: coming of age in trilogues? 

    Roederer-Rynning, Christilla; Greenwood, Justin (Taylor and Francis https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13501763.2016.1184297, 2016-06-08)
    ROEDERER-RYNNING, C. and GREENWOOD, J. 2016. The European Parliament as a developing legislature: coming of age in trilogues? Journal of European public policy [online], Latest Articles. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13501763.2016.1184297
    This article examines the institutionalization of the European Parliament-as-a-legislature. It draws on the political development scholarship to conceptualize institutionalization and highlight the role of the environment ...
  • European Union information in public libraries in the United Kingdom. [Final report] 

    Marcella, Rita; Baxter, Graeme; Parker, Susan (British Library, 1996-12-31)
    MARCELLA, R., BAXTER, G. and PARKER, S. 1996. European Union information in public libraries in the United Kingdom. Final report. British library research and innovation report number 19. London: British library.
    This report describes a British Library funded research project which investigated the provision of European information in public libraries in the United Kingdom, and in particular the implementation of the Public Information ...
  • European Union information in public libraries in the United Kingdom. [Report summary] 

    Marcella, Rita; Baxter, Graeme; Parker, Susan (LISU, 1999-07-31)
    MARCELLA, R., BAXTER, G. and PARKER, S. 1999. European Union information in public libraries in the United Kingdom. Report summary. In Bohme, S. and Spiller, D. (eds.) Perspectives of public library use 2: a compendium of survey information. Loughborough: Library and Information Statistics Unit, pages 225-230.
    This report presents some of the key findings of a research project, funded by the British Library Research and Innovation Centre, which investigated the provision of European Union information in UK public libraries. The ...
  • European Union information: an investigation of need amongst public library users in 3 Scottish authorities. 

    Marcella, Rita; Baxter, Graeme (Sage Publications http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/096100069702900202, 1997-06)
    MARCELLA, R. and BAXTER, G. European Union information: an investigation of need amongst public library users in 3 Scottish authorities. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, June 1997, 29(2), pp.69-75.
    Reports results of a British Library funded study, undertaken by the School of Information and Media, Robert Gordon University with the help of three public libraries services (Aberdeen, Glasgow and Moray), to investigate ...
  • The 'Europeanization' of the Basel process: financial harmonization between globalization and parliamentarization. 

    Greenwood, Justin; Roederer-Rynning, Christilla (Wiley https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/rego.12063, 2014-09-24)
    GREENWOOD, J. and ROEDERER-RYNNING, C. 2015. The 'Europeanization' of the Basel process: financial harmonization between globalization and parliamentarization. Regulation and governance [online], 9(4), pages 325-338. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/rego.12063
    Public policy initiatives aimed at the prevention of future financial crises originate with global harmonization in the form of executive standards issued by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision. This article explores ...
  • Evaluating degrees of isolation between tenants enabled by multitenancy patterns for cloud-hosted version control systems (VCS). 

    Ochei, Laud Charles; Petrovski, Andrei; Bass, Julian M. (Infonomics Society http://dx.doi.org/10.20533/ijicr.2042.4655.2015.0075, 2015-09-01)
    OCHEI, L.C., PETROVSKI, A. and BASS, J.M. 2015. Evaluating degrees of isolation between tenants enabled by multitenancy patterns for cloud-hosted version control systems (VCS). International journal of intelligent computing research [online], 6(3), pages 601-612. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.20533/ijicr.2042.4655.2015.0075
    When implementing multitenancy for cloud-hosted applications, one of the main challenges to overcome is how to enable the required degree of isolation between tenants so that the required performance, resource utilization, ...