Characterization of synthesized polyurethane/montmorillonite nanocomposite foams.
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ANSARI, F., SACHSE, S., MICHALOWSKI, S., KAVOSH, M., PIELICHOWSKI, K. and NJUGUNA, J., 2014. Characterization of synthesized polyurethane/montmorillonite nanocomposite foams. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 64, pp. 012039
Nanophased hybrid composites based on polyurethane/montmorillonite (PU/MMT) have been fabricated. The nanocomposite which was formed by the addition of a polyol premix with 4,4'-diphenylmethane diisocyanate to obtain nanophased polyurethane foams which were then used for fabrication of nanocomposite panels has been shown to have raised strength, stiffness and thermal insulation properties. The nanophased polyurethane foam was characterized by means of scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM) measurements and X-ray diffraction (XRD). TEM and SEM analysis indicated that nanophased particles are dispersed homogeneously in the polyurethane matrix on the nanometer scale indicating that PU/MMT is an intercalated nanocomposite with a 2-3 nm nanolayer thickness.