Enterprise education with Chinese characteristics: policy, practices and uneven development in PRC.
Anderson, Alistair R.
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ANDERSON, A. R. and ZHANG, X., 2015. Enterprise education with Chinese characteristics: policy, practices and uneven development in PRC. Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, 7 (3), pp. 276-292.
Purpose – The paper aims to review the emergence and nature of entrepreneurship education in China. This paper considers the variability of developments in practices despite policy. In turn, this allows one to consider the implications of this uneven distribution of expertise and resources. Design/methodology/approach – The paper is primarily empirically descriptive, but it draws upon different literatures to examine entrepreneurship education in the uniqueness of its Chinese context. The authors offer two comparative cases to illustrate the arguments. Findings – Substantial differences were found by region and by the status of the institution. The region aspect is paradoxical because the largest number of new businesses exists in those regions with the best provision of enterprise education. The channelling of resources to elite resources compounds the problem. Less prestigious universities make do with what they have, and this may be detrimental for the quality and effectiveness of enterprise education. Research limitations/implications – There may be some regional differences that have been overlooked, but the thrust is clear. Different resource allocations have shaped entrepreneurship education in the regions. Practical implications – Applied policy may have detrimental effects on less well-endowed universities and thus neglect less entrepreneurial places. Social implications – If entrepreneurship is to deliver its promise of opportunity, innovation and job creation, it needs to be taught by experienced and informed faculty. The uneven distribution of entrepreneurship pedagogy and expertise indicates that this may be more difficult to deliver in some places. Originality/value – Although entrepreneurship education in China is now pervasive, little work has been done in comparing policies with practices.