Evaluation of the practice of veterinary pharmacy.
O'Driscoll, Noelle H.
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O’DRISCOLL, N. H., LABOVITIADI, O. and LAMB, A. J., 2015. Evaluation of the practice of veterinary pharmacy. Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning, Vol. 7 (5), pp. 606-613.
Background In the United Kingdom (UK), pharmacists’ roles have expanded considerably in recent decades to encompass clinical practice through more direct patient care. However, dispensing and compounding remain core activities for pharmacists. A lack of marketed preparations for species specific animal use results in veterinary pharmacy practice compounding, retaining its prominence. Current participation by pharmacists to support this sphere of practice would appear to be minimal. Objectives This study was undertaken to determine the opinions and views toward the practice of veterinary pharmacy by a cross-sectional group of pharmacists. Methods Research data were collected via a self-administered survey questionnaire, distributed at the 2012 annual conference of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society. Sampling was purposive, with random distribution of the questionnaire to pharmacists during the conference sessions. Key findings Interaction by pharmacists with veterinary pharmacy is currently minimal primarily due to lack of knowledge of veterinary medicines. Respondents revealed a lack of veterinary pharmacy courses during their undergraduate studies. This has led to situations where some veterinary prescriptions are dispensed without adequate checks being performed by the pharmacist. Pharmacists on occasion do not dispense veterinary prescriptions presented to them, due to insufficient knowledge of veterinary medicines and/or a lack of consultable reference sources. The effect on practice is that pharmacists do not always participate as fully as would seem logical. Conclusions Pharmacists’ participation in veterinary pharmacy is limited by a lack of knowledge of veterinary medicines, mostly resulting from inadequate tuition on veterinary pharmacy during their initial education.