Effective feedback of whole-life data to the design process.
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Key activities of the implementation of whole-life costing (WLC) as a management tool during the occupancy stage are outlined. Then, the logic of a novel whole-life management approach is designed around two recently developed generic WLC databases. The proposed approach allows the systematic data collection of the running costs of occupied buildings and provides the necessary link between occupied buildings and the design process. Besides, it employs a generic cost-significant relation that automatically identifies the cost-significance of the building components on the elements, activities and cost items levels over the analysis period.