Controlled periodic illumination in semiconductor photocatalysis.
Lawton, Linda A.
Robertson, Peter K. J.
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TOKODE, O., PRABHU, R., LAWTON, L.A. and ROBERTSON, P.K.J. 2015. Controlled periodic illumination in semiconductor photocatalysis. Journal of photochemistry and photobiology A: chemistry [online], 319-320, pages 96-106. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotochem.2015.12.002
Controlled periodic illumination is a hypothesis postulated in the early 1990s for enhancing the efficiency of semiconductor photocatalytic reactions. This technique has been proposed to improve photocatalytic efficiency by the nature of photon introduction alone. Before its application in semiconductor photocatalysis, controlled periodic illumination had been investigated in other fields including photosynthesis. This paper presents a detailed review of the state of the art research undertaken on the application of controlled periodic illumination in semiconductor photocatalysis. The review briefly introduces semiconductor photocatalysis, and then presents a detailed explanation of this technique, its importance to photocatalytic efficiency, an overview of previous results of its application in significant studies and present knowledge. Results from previous as well as some of the most recent studies indicate potential applications of controlled periodic illumination in areas other than just the improvement of the efficiency of the photocatalytic process.