Structure-property relationships in a CoCrMo alloy at micro and nano-scales.
de Villiers Lovelock, H.L.
Faisal, Nadimul Haque
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AHMED, R., DE VILLIERS LOVELOCK, H.L., FAISAL, N.H. and DAVIES, S. 2014. Structure-property relationships in a CoCrMo alloy at micro and nano-scales. Tribology international [online], 80, pages 98-114. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2014.06.015
This investigation considered the multiscale tribo-mechanical evaluations of CoCrMo (Stellite®21) alloys manufactured via two different processing routes of casting and HIP-consolidation from powder (Hot Isostatic Pressing). These involved hardness, nanoscratch, impact toughness, abrasive wear and sliding wear evaluations using pin-on-disc and ball-on-flat tests. HIPing improved the nanoscratch and ball-on-flat sliding wear performance due to higher hardness and work-hardening rate of the metal matrix. The cast alloy however exhibited superior abrasive wear and self-mated pin-on-disc wear performance. The tribological properties were more strongly influenced by the CoCr matrix, which is demonstrated in nanoscratch analysis.