Support for healthy breastfeeding mothers with healthy term babies.
Renfrew, Mary J.
Taylor, Jane L.
Rennie, Anne Marie
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MCFADDEN, A., GAVINE, A., RENFREW, M.J., WADE, A., BUCHANAN, P., TAYLOR, J.L., VEITCH, E., RENNIE, A.M., CROWTHER, S.A., NEIMAN, S. and MACGILLIVRAY, S. 2017. Support for healthy breastfeeding mothers with healthy term babies. Cochrane database of systematic reviews [online], Issue 2, article number CD001141. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD001141.pub5
Background There is extensive evidence of important health risks for infants and mothers related to not breastfeeding. In 2003, the World Health Organization recommended that infants be breastfed exclusively until six months of age, with breastfeeding continuing as an important part of the infant's diet until at least two years of age. However, current breastfeeding rates in many countries do not refect this recommendation. Objectives To describe forms of breastfeeding support which have been evaluated in controlled studies, the timing of the interventions and the settings in which they have been used. To examine the effectiveness of different modes of offering similar supportive interventions (for example, whether the support offered was proactive or reactive, face-to-face or over the telephone), and whether interventions containing both antenatal and postnatal elements were more effective than those taking place in the postnatal period alone. To examine the effectiveness of different care providers and (where information was available) training. To explore the interaction between background breastfeeding rates and effe ctiveness of support. Search methods We searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register (29 February 2016) and reference lists of retrieved studies. Selection criteria Randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials comparing extra support for healthy breastfeeding mothers of healthy term babies with usual maternity care.