Oil based drilling fluid waste: an overview on highly reported but less explored sink for environmentally persistent pollutants.
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SIDDIQUE, S., KWOFFIE, L., ADDAE-AFOAKWA, K., YATES, K. and NJUGUNA, J. 2016. Oil based drilling fluid waste: an overview on highly reported but less explored sink for environmentally persistent pollutants. IOP conference series: materials science and engineering [online], 195: proceedings of the 3rd structural nano composites conference (NANOSTRUC 2016), 12-15 September 2016, Aberdeen, UK, article ID 012008. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/195/1/012008
Operational discharges of spent drilling fluid, produced water, and accumulated drill cuttings from oil and gas industry are a continuous point source of environmental pollution. To meet the strict environmental standard for waste disposal, oil and gas industry is facing a numerous challenges in technological development to ensure a clean and safe environment. Oil and gas industry generates a large amount of spent drilling fluid, produced water, and drill cuttings, which are very different in every drilling operation in terms of composition and characterisation. This review article highlights the knowledge gap in identifying the different sources of waste streams in combined drilling waste. This paper also emphasises how different chemicals turn into environmentally significant pollutants after serving great performance in oil and gas drilling operations. For instance, oil based drilling fluid performs excellent in deeper drilling and drilling in the harsh geological conditions, but ended with (produces) a significant amount of persistent toxic pollutants in the environment. This review paper provides an overview on the basic concepts of drilling fluids and their functions, sources and characterisation of drilling wastes, and highlights some environmentally significant elements including different minerals present in drilling waste stream.