Solar energy potentials and benefits in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries: a review of substantial issues.
Mas'ud, Abdullahi Abubakar
Wirba, Asan Vernyuy
Alshammari, Saud J.
Abdullahi, Mu'azu Mohammed
Hoq, Mohammed Ziaul
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MAS'UD, A.A., WIRBA, A.V., ALSHAMMARI, S.J., MUHAMMAD-SUKKI, F., ABDULLAHI, M.M., ALBARRACIN, R. and HOQ, M.Z. 2018. Solar energy potentials and benefits in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries: a review of substantial issues. Energies [online], 11(2), article 372. Available from: https://doi.org/10.3390/en11020372
It is a well-known fact that the fossil fuel industry has dominated the economy of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries during the last few decades. However, recent developments show that most of the GCC countries plan to increase the share of renewable energy (RE) in their future electrical power production. To ensure realistic increase in the share of RE in the production of electricity in the future, firm policies must be laid down with the objective to promote and market the benefit of RE to their citizens. Due to the high-solar radiation in the GCC region, the focus is now on solar energy development. This paper presents an up-to-date review of the progress made on solar energy in the GCC together with the challenges and the way forward. Some of the challenges and barriers hindering the development of RE in the GCC are in the area of technological know-how, policy development, and insufficient application of RE technology integrated in the buildings among others. Areas of improvement include promoting research and development, public/private initiatives, legislation and regulatory framework, solutions to technical issues and exchange of knowledge, scientific advice, and last but not the least is the issue of building integration with RE.