Effectiveness of interventions for preventing occupational irritant hand dermatitis: a quantitative systematic review.
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PAPADATOU, Z., WILLIAMS, H. and COOPER, K. . Effectiveness of interventions for preventing occupational irritant hand dermatitis: a quantitative systematic review. JBI database of systematic reviews and implementation reports [online], (accepted).
Background: - The most significant occupational skin problem potentially encountered in wet work occupations is occupational dermatitis. When the skin comes into contact with hazardous substances at work, this can cause occupational dermatitis to occur. Substances which might cause occupational dermatitis include cleaning products, organic solvents, metalworking fluids, cement, flour, adhesives, other chemicals, and even certain plants. Occupational skin disease has adverse effects on quality of life and the long term prognosis for skin health is poor unless workplace exposures are addressed. To date, no systematic review has been undertaken to determine the effectiveness of interventions for the primary prevention of Occupational Irritant Hand Dermatitis (OIHD) in wet workers. Objective: - The aim of this review was to identify, appraise and synthesize the best available evidence on the effectiveness of moisturizers, barrier creams, protective gloves, skin protection education, and complex interventions (a combination of two or more of the interventions listed here) in preventing OIHD in wet workers, comparing each intervention to an alternative intervention or to usual care (workers regular skin care regime).