Re-interpreting the umma: Islamic nationalism and transnationalism.
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VERTIGANS, S. 2009. Re-interpreting the umma: Islamic nationalism and transnationalism. In Vertigans, S., Marron, D. and Sutton, P. Militant Islam : a sociology of characteristics, causes and consequences. London: Routledge [online], chapter 3, pages 55-84. Available from: https://www.routledge.com/9780415412452
Integral to the resurgence of Islam have been the growing significance of the umma (Islamic 'community') and the perceptions of a global Muslim community or nation. Reasons for these trans-national feelings and loyalties include changing patterns of communication and transportation associated with globalisation and the perceived movement towards supranational and subnational collectivities identified across nation-states. Clearly, globalisation is central to understanding both the processes by which attachments to Islam globally are established today and the networks within which they are expressed. Through globalisation universal affiliations between Muslims and common loyalties are strengthened. Less attention has been placed upon how the umma has been adapted by militant Muslims to engender trans-national support. Similarly the reasons why Muslims have become attracted by this wider form of allegiance at the expense of localised ethnic and national identities require further exploration.