The lifestyle behaviours of young adults with intellectual disabilities as they transition from school to adulthood: a pilot and feasibility study.
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MITCHELL, F., STEVENS, G., JAHODA, A., MATTHEWS, L., HANKEY, C., MURRAY, H. and MELVILLE, C. 2018. The lifestyle behaviours of young adults with intellectual disabilities as they transition from school to adulthood: a pilot and feasibility study. Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities [online], 31(6), pages 1154-1163. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12489
Background: In the general population, the transition from adolescence to adulthood has been identified as a 'high‐risk' period for weight gain. There has been no research examining health behaviours over this transition in adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). Methods/design: The feasibility of recruitment, retention and relevant health behaviours were measured in 31 adolescents with mild‐moderate ID. Anthropometric, objective physical activity, dietary and self‐determination measures were collected over a 12‐month transitional period from school to adulthood. Results: Key results suggest weight and BMI increased significantly from month 6 to month 12 (p=0.044 and p=0.043). Waist circumference increased significantly from baseline to month 12 (p=0.049), and from month 6 to month 12 (p=0.03). Discussion: Recruiting and retaining young adults with ID over a 12 month health behaviour study is feasible. The data indicates the transition from school to adulthood may be the start of a high‐ risk period for weight gain.