Now showing items 1-20 of 218

  • Access to medicines in remote and rural areas: a survey of residents in the Scottish Highlands & Western Isles. 

    Rushworth, Gordon F.; Diack, Lesley; MacRobbie, Alison; Munoz, Sarah-Anne; Pfleger, Sharon; Stewart, Derek C. (Elsevier. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2015.01.005, 2015-03)
    RUSHWORTH, G. F., DIACK, L., MACROBBIE, A., MUNOZ, S.-A., PFLEGER, S., STEWART, D., 2015. Access to medicines in remote and rural areas: a survey of residents in the Scottish Highlands & Western Isles. Public Health, 129 (3), pp. 244-251.
    Objectives Sparsely populated areas are potentially predisposed to health inequalities due to limited access to services. This study aimed to explore and describe issues of access to medicines and related advice experienced ...
  • Accumulation and detoxication responses of the gastropod Lymnaea stagnalis to single and combined exposures to natural (cyanobacteria) and anthropogenic (the herbicide RoundUp® Flash) stressors. 

    Lance, Emilie; Desprat, Julia; Holbech, Bente Frost; Gérard, Claudia; Bormans, Myriam; Lawton, Linda A.; Edwards, Christine; Wiegand, Claudia (Elsevier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2016.05.024, 2016-05-23)
    LANCE, E., DESPRAT, J., HOLBECH, B.F., GERARD, C., BORMANS, M., LAWTON, L.A., EDWARDS, C. and WIEGAND, C. 2016.Accumulation and detoxication responses of the gastropod lymnaea stagnalis to single and combined exposures to natural (cyanobacteria) and anthropogenic (the herbicide RoundUp® Flash) stressors. Aquatic toxicology [online], 177, pages 116-124. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2016.05.024
    Freshwater gastropods are increasingly exposed to multiple stressors in the field such as the herbicide glyphosate in Roundup formulations and cyanobacterial blooms either producing or not producing microcystins (MCs), ...
  • Achieving high strength and ductility in magnesium alloys via densely hierarchical double contraction nanotwins. 

    Fu, Hui; Ge, Bincheng; Xin, Yunchang; Wu, Ruizhi; Fernandez, Carlos; Huang, Jianyu; Peng, Qiuming (ACS https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02641, 2017-08-31)
    FU, H., GE, B., XIN, Y., WU, R., FERNANDEZ, C., HUANG, J. and PENG, Q. 2017. Achieving high strength and ductility in magnesium alloys via densely hierarchical double contraction nanotwins. Nano letters [online], 17(10), pages 6117-6124. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02641
    Light-weight magnesium alloys with high strength are especially desirable for the applications in transportation, aerospace, electronic components, and implants owing to their high stiffness, abundant raw materials, and ...
  • Activity of bisnaphthalimidopropyl derivatives agains trypanosoma brucei. 

    Graca, Nuno A.G.; Gaspar, Luis; Costa, David M.; Loureiro, Ines; Kong Thoo Lin, Paul; Ramos, Isbaal; Roura, Meritxell; Pruvost, Alain; Pemberton, Ian K.; Loukil, Hadjer; MacDougall, Jane; Tavares, Joana; Cordeiro-da-Silva, Anabela (American Society for Microbiology https://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.02490-15, 2016-01-19)
    GRACA, N.A.G., GASPAR, L, COSTA, D.M., LOUREIRO, I., KONG THOO-LIN, P., RAMOS, I., ROURA, M., PRUVOST, A., PEMBERTON, I.K., LOUKIL, H., MACDOUGALL, J., TAVARES, J. and CORDEIRO-DA-SILVA, A. 2016. Activity of bisnaphthalimidopropyl derivatives agains trypanosoma brucei. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy [online], 60(4), pages 2532-2536. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.02490-15
    Current treatments for African trypanosomiasis are either toxic, costly, difficult to administer, or prone to elicit resistance. This study evaluated the activity of bisnaphthalimidopropyl (BNIP) derivatives against ...
  • Adsorption removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution on carbon-coated Fe3O4 microspheres functionalized with chloroacetic acid. 

    Zhang, Zefei; Kim, Cholhwan; Fernandez, Carlos; Sundaram, Manickam Minakshi; Ramakrishnappa, Thippeswamy; Wang, Yuhong; Wang, Linshan; Sun, Ting; Hu, Xiaomin (DE GRUYTER https://doi.org/10.1515/secm-2016-0138, 2016-08-17)
    ZHANG, Z., KIM, C., FERNANDEZ, C., SUNDARAM, M.M., RAMAKRISHNAPPA, T., WANG, Y., WANG, L., SUN, T. and HU, X. 2018. Adsorption removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution on carbon-coated Fe3O4 microspheres functionalized with chloroacetic acid. Science and engineering of composite materials [online], 25(2), pages 353-361. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1515/secm-2016-0138
    We report the preparation and employability of carbon-coated Fe3O4 (Fe3O4/C) microspheres functionalized with chloroacetic acid (CAA) for the removal of methylene blue (MB) in aqueous solution. The prepared magnetic ...
  • Aerobic interval exercise improves parameters of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and other alterations of metabolic syndrome in obese Zucker rats. 

    Kapravelou, Garyfallia; Martinez, Rosario; Andrade, Ana M.; Nebot, Elena; Camiletti-Moiron, Daniel; Aparicio, Virginia A.; Lopez-Jurado, Maria; Aranda, Pilar; Arrebola, Francisco; Fernandez-Segura, Eduardo; Bermano, Giovanna; Goua, Marie; Galisteo, Milagros; Porres, Jesus M. (NRC Research Press https://dx.doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2015-0141, 2015-08-14)
    KAPRAVELOU, G., MARTINEZ, R., ANDRADE, A.M., NEBOT, E., CAMILETTI-MOIRON, D., APARICIO, V.A., LOPEZ-JURADO, M., ARANDA, P., ARREBOLA, F., FERNANDEZ-SEGURA, E., BERMANO, G., GOUA, M., GALISTEO, M. and PORRES, J.M. 2015. Aerobic interval exercise improves parameters of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and other alterations of metabolic syndrome in obese Zucker rats. Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism [online], 40(12), pages 1242-1252. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2015-0141
    Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a group of metabolic alterations that increase the susceptibility to cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease has been described as the liver manifestation of ...
  • Aggregation of Staphylococcus aureus following treatment with the antibacterial flavonol galangin. 

    Cushnie, T. P. Tim; Hamilton, V. E. S.; Chapman, D. G.; Taylor, P. W.; Lamb, Andrew (Wiley https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.2007.03393.x, 2007-06-13)
    CUSHNIE, T.P.T., HAMILTON, V.E.S., CHAPMAN, D.G., TAYLOR, P.W. and LAMB, A.J. 2007. Aggregation of Staphylococcus aureus following treatment with the antibacterial flavonol galangin. Journal of applied microbiology [online], 103(5), pages 1562-1567. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.2007.03393.x
    The flavonol galangin, an antimicrobial constituent of the traditional medicines propolis and Helichrysum aureonitens, is being assessed as part of an ongoing investigation into the antibacterial activity of flavonoids. ...
  • The analysis and fabrication of a novel tin-nickel mixed salt electrolytic coloured processing and the performance of coloured films for Al-12.7Si-0.7Mg alloy in acidic and alkali corrosive environments. 

    Shang, Yan; Liu, Changsheng; Fernandez, Carlos; Rajendran, L.; Kirthiga, M.; Wang, Yuhong; Niu, Dun; Liu, Dongdong; Wang, Linshan (Korean Society for Precision Engineering/Springer https://doi.org/10.1007/s12541-017-0011-x, 2017-01-10)
    SHANG, Y., LIU, C., FERNANDEZ, C., RAJENDRAN, L., KIRTHIGA, M., WANG, Y., NIU, D., LIU, D. and WANG, L. 2017. The analysis and fabrication of a novel tin-nickel mixed salt electrolytic coloured processing and the performance of coloured films for Al-12.7Si-0.7Mg alloy in acidic and alkali corrosive environments. International journal of precision engineering and manufacturing [online], 18(1), pages 93-98. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12541-017-0011-x
    We present for the first time the analysis and fabrication of a novel Tin-Nickel mixed salt electrolytic coloured processing and the performance of coloured films for Al-12.7Si-0.7Mg alloy. This alloy is a novel alloy ...
  • Antibiotics for acute respiratory tract infections: a mixed-methods study of patient experiences of non-medical prescriber management. 

    Courtenay, Molly; Rowbotham, Samantha; Lim, Rosemary; Deslandes, Rhian; Hodson, Karen; MacLure, Katie; Peters, Sarah; Stewart, Derek C. (BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013515, 2017-03-01)
    COURTENAY, M., ROWBOTHAM, S., LIM, R., DESLANDES, R., HODSON, K., MACLURE, K., PETERS, S. and STEWART, D. 2017. Antibiotics for acute respiratory tract infections: a mixed-methods study of patient experiences of non-medical prescriber management. BMJ Open [online], 7(3), e013515. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013515.
    Objective: To (1) explore patients' expectations and experiences of nurse and pharmacist non-medical prescriber-led management of respiratory tract infections (RTIs), (2) examine whether patient expectations for antibiotics ...
  • Antimicrobial stewardship activities in hospitals in Ireland and the United Kingdom: a comparison of two national surveys. 

    Fleming, Aoife; Tonna, Antonella P.; O'Connor, Sile; Byrne, Stephen; Stewart, Derek C. (Springer http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11096-015-0114-3, 2015-04-08)
    FLEMING, A., TONNA, A., O'CONNOR, S., BYRNE, S. and STEWART, D. 2015. Antimicrobial stewardship activities in hospitals in Ireland and the United Kingdom: a comparison of two national surveys. International journal of clinical pharmacy [online], 37(5), pages 776-781. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11096-015-0114-3
    Background - Best practice guidelines recommend that a multidisciplinary Antimicrobial Management Team (AMT) conduct antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) activities in hospitals. In order to continuously improve AMS activities ...
  • Application of camelid heavy-chain variable domains (VHHs) in prevention and treatment of bacterial and viral infections. 

    Wilken, Lucas; McPherson, Anne (Taylor and Francis https://doi.org/10.1080/08830185.2017.1397657, 2017-11-28)
    WILKEN, L. and MCPHERSON, A. 2017. Application of camelid heavy-chain variable domains (VHHs) in prevention and treatment of bacterial and viral infections. International reviews of immunology [online], 37(1), pages 69-76. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/08830185.2017.1397657
    Camelid heavy-chain variable domains (VHHs) are the smallest, intact, antigen-binding units to occur in nature. VHHs possess high degrees of solubility and robustness enabling generation of multivalent constructs with ...
  • Application of graphene nanoplatelets and graphene magnetite for the removal of emulsified oil from produced water. 

    Chacra, Lamis Abou; Sabri, Muhammad Ashraf; Ibrahim, Taleb H.; Khamis, Mustafa I.; Hamdan, Nasser M.; Al-Asheh, Sameer; AlRefai, Massa; Fernandez, Carlos (Elsevier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2018.04.060, 2018-04-25)
    CHACRA, L.A., SABRI, M.A., IBRAHIM, T.H., KHAMIS, M.I., HAMDAN, N.M., AL-ASHEH, S., ALREFAI, M. and FERNANDEZ, C. 2018. Application of graphene nanoplatelets and graphene magnetite for the removal of emulsified oil from produced water. Journal of environmental chemical engineering [online], 6(1), pages 3018-3033. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2018.04.060
    Graphene and its magnetite derivative were used as adsorbents for removal of emulsified oil from produced water. The experimental parameters for maximum emulsified oil removal efficiency and effective regeneration of these ...
  • The application of Raman and anti-stokes Raman spectroscopy for in-situ monitoring of structural changes in laser irradiated titanium dioxide materials. 

    Rigby, Stephanie J.; Al-Obaidi, Ala H. R.; Lee, Soo-Keun; McStay, Daniel; Robertson, Peter K. J. (Elsevier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2005.10.003, 2006-09)
    RIGBY, S. J., AL-OBAIDI, A. H. R., LEE, S.-K., McSTAY, D. and ROBERTSON, P. K. J., 2006. The application of Raman and anti-stokes Raman spectroscopy for in-situ monitoring of structural changes in laser irradiated titanium dioxide materials. Applied Surface Science, 252 (22), pp. 7948-7952.
    The use of Raman and anti-stokes Raman spectroscopy to investigate the effect of exposure to high power laser radiation on the crystalline phases of TiO2 has been investigated. Measurement of the changes, over several time ...
  • Archaeological medicinal earths as antibacterial agents: the case of the Basel Lemnian sphragides. 

    Photos-Jones, Effie; Edwards, Christine; Haner, F.; Lawton, Linda A.; Keane, C.; Leanord, A.; Perdikatsis, V. (Geological Society https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.6, 2017-02-02)
    PHOTOS-JONES, E., EDWARDS, C., HANER, F., LAWTON, L., KEAN, C., LEANORD, A. and PERDIKATSIS, V. 2017. Archaeological medicinal earths as antibacterial agents: the case of the Basel Lemnian sphragides. Geological society: special publications. Geology and medicine: historical connections [online], 452, pages 141-153. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.6
    This paper presents the scientific investigation of three Lemnian sphragides (terra sigillata), a famed medicinal clay (earth) of antiquity, dated to the 16th-17th century, and presently in the collection of the Museum for ...
  • 'Asking the right question': a comparison of two approaches to gathering data on 'Herbals' use in survey based studies. 

    McLay, James S.; Rouf, Pallivalapila Abdul; Shetty, Ashalatha; Pande, Binita; Al Hail, Moza; Stewart, Derek C. (Public Library of Science https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150140, 2016-02-25)
    MCLAY, J.S., PALLIVALAPPILA, A.R., SHETTY, A., PANDE, B., AL HAIL, M. and STEWART, D., 2016. 'Asking the right question’. A comparison of two approaches to gathering data on 'herbals' use in survey based studies. PLoS ONE Vol 11 (2), e0150140.
    Background Over the last decade academic interest in the prevalence and nature of herbal medicines use by pregnant women has increased significantly. Such data are usually collected by means of an administered questionnaire ...
  • Assessing the multidimensional relationship between medication beliefs and adherence in older adults with hypertension using polynomial regression. 

    Dillon, Paul; Phillips, L. Alison; Gallagher, Paul; Smith, Susan M.; Stewart, Derek C.; Cousins, Gráinne (OUP https://doi.org/10.1093/abm/kax016, 2018-01-11)
    DILLON, P., PHILLIPS, L.A., GALLAGHER, P., SMITH, S.M., STEWART, D., COUSINS, G. 2018. Assessing the multidimensional relationship between medication beliefs and adherence in older adults with hypertension using polynomial regression. Annals of behavioral medicine [online], 52(2), pages 146-156. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1093/abm/kax016
    Background: - The Necessity-Concerns Framework (NCF) is a multidimensional theory describing the relationship between patients' positive and negative evaluations of their medication which interplay to influence adherence. ...
  • Assessment of tigecycline prescription and patients’ outcomes at three different hospitals in Saudi Arabia. 

    Tobaiqy, Mansour; Al Humaid, Saad; Stewart, Derek C.; Alotaibi, Fayez Omear; Qureshi, Kamal Ahmad; MacLure, Katie; Algharib, Fahad; Alsameti, Ahmed; Alsaqer, Ahmed; Almeman, Ahmad (University of Benin. Faculty of Pharmacy. Pharmacotherapy Group http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/tjpr.v14i10.26, 2015-10-31)
    TOBAIQY, M., AL HUMAID, S., STEWART, D., ALOTAIBI, F.O., QURESHI, K.A., MACLURE, K., ALGHARIB, F., ALSMETI, A., ALSAQER, A. and ALMEMAN, A. 2015. Assessment of tigecycline prescription and patients’ outcomes at three different hospitals in Saudi Arabia. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 14(10), pp. 1919-1926. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/tjpr.v14i10.26
    Purpose: To investigate tigecycline prescription and patient outcomes in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted in three KSA government hospitals, between January, ...
  • The behaviors and experiences of the community pharmacy team on the provision of multi-compartment compliance aids. 

    Stewart, Derek C.; McDonald, Craig; MacLeod, Joan; MacLure, Katie; Gray, Gwen; McIntosh, Trudi (Elsevier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2017.04.004, 2017-04-09)
    STEWART, D., MCDONALD, C., MACLEOD, J., MACLURE, K., GRAY, G. and MCINTOSH, T. 2018. The behaviors and experiences of the community pharmacy team on the provision of multi-compartment compliance aids. Research in social and administrative pharmacy [online],14(4) pages 347-355. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2017.04.004
    Background - Multi-compartment compliance aids (MCAs) are repackaging systems for solid dosage form medicines. Acknowledging the lack of evidence that MCAs improve adherence or clinical outcomes, the Royal Pharmaceutical ...
  • Bioindicators assessing water quality and environmental impacts of water treatment plant sludge. 

    Abreu da Costa, Talitha R. Alves; Weber, Olmar Baller; Pestana, Carlos J.; Capelo-Neto, Jose (INDERSCIENCE https://doi.org/10.1504/IJESD.2017.10001350, 2016-11-18)
    ABREU DA COSTA, T.R.A., WEBER, O.B., PESTANA, C.J. and CAPELO-NETO, J. 2017. Bioindicators assessing water quality and environmental impacts of water treatment plant sludge. International journal of environment and sustainable development [online], 16(1), pages 25-42. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1504/IJESD.2017.10001350
    This study had as objectives to assess water quality using macroinvertebrate communities in Gaviao artificial reservoir (Brazil), used to supply potable water to 2.5 million people, and to evaluate how these organisms ...
  • Biotic phase micropollutant distribution in horizontal sub-surface flow constructed wetlands. 

    Petrie, Bruce; Rood, Shawn; Smith, Benjamin D.; Proctor, Kathryn; Youdan, Jane; Barden, Ruth; Kasprzyk-Hordern, Barbara (Elsevier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.02.242, 2018-02-27)
    PETRIE, B., ROOD, S., SMITH, B.D., PROCTOR, K., YOUDAN, J., BARDEN, R., KASPRZYK-HORDERN, B. 2018. Biotic phase micropollutant distribution in horizontal sub-surface flow constructed wetlands. Science of the total environment [online], 630, pages 648-657. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.02.242
    The distribution of micropollutants in biotic phases of horizontal sub-surface flow (HSSF) constructed wetlands was investigated. 88 diverse micropollutants (personal care products, pharmaceuticals and illicit drugs) were ...