Now showing items 1-20 of 160

  • Access to medicines in remote and rural areas: a survey of residents in the Scottish Highlands & Western Isles. 

    Rushworth, Gordon F.; Diack, Lesley; MacRobbie, Alison; Munoz, Sarah-Anne; Pfleger, Sharon; Stewart, Derek C. (Elsevier. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2015.01.005, 2015-03)
    RUSHWORTH, G. F., DIACK, L., MACROBBIE, A., MUNOZ, S.-A., PFLEGER, S., STEWART, D., 2015. Access to medicines in remote and rural areas: a survey of residents in the Scottish Highlands & Western Isles. Public Health, 129 (3), pp. 244-251.
    Objectives Sparsely populated areas are potentially predisposed to health inequalities due to limited access to services. This study aimed to explore and describe issues of access to medicines and related advice experienced ...
  • Accumulation and detoxication responses of the gastropod Lymnaea stagnalis to single and combined exposures to natural (cyanobacteria) and anthropogenic (the herbicide RoundUp® Flash) stressors. 

    Lance, Emilie; Desprat, Julia; Holbech, Bente Frost; Gérard, Claudia; Bormans, Myriam; Lawton, Linda A.; Edwards, Christine; Wiegand, Claudia (Elsevier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2016.05.024, 2016-05-23)
    LANCE, E., DESPRAT, J., HOLBECH, B.F., GERARD, C., BORMANS, M., LAWTON, L.A., EDWARDS, C. and WIEGAND, C. 2016.Accumulation and detoxication responses of the gastropod lymnaea stagnalis to single and combined exposures to natural (cyanobacteria) and anthropogenic (the herbicide RoundUp® Flash) stressors. Aquatic toxicology [online], 177, pages 116-124. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2016.05.024
    Freshwater gastropods are increasingly exposed to multiple stressors in the field such as the herbicide glyphosate in Roundup formulations and cyanobacterial blooms either producing or not producing microcystins (MCs), ...
  • Achieving high strength and ductility in magnesium alloys via densely hierarchical double contraction nanotwins. 

    Fu, Hui; Ge, Bincheng; Xin, Yunchang; Wu, Ruizhi; Fernandez, Carlos; Huang, Jianyu; Peng, Qiuming (ACS https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02641, 2017-08-31)
    FU, H., GE, B., XIN, Y., WU, R., FERNANDEZ, C., HUANG, J. and PENG, Q. 2017. Achieving high strength and ductility in magnesium alloys via densely hierarchical double contraction nanotwins. Nano letters [online], 17(10), pages 6117-6124. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02641
    Light-weight magnesium alloys with high strength are especially desirable for the applications in transportation, aerospace, electronic components, and implants owing to their high stiffness, abundant raw materials, and ...
  • Activity of bisnaphthalimidopropyl derivatives agains trypanosoma brucei. 

    Graca, Nuno A.G.; Gaspar, Luis; Costa, David M.; Loureiro, Ines; Kong Thoo Lin, Paul; Ramos, Isbaal; Roura, Meritxell; Pruvost, Alain; Pemberton, Ian K.; Loukil, Hadjer; MacDougall, Jane; Tavares, Joana; Cordeiro-da-Silva, Anabela (American Society for Microbiology https://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.02490-15, 2016-01-19)
    GRACA, N.A.G., GASPAR, L, COSTA, D.M., LOUREIRO, I., KONG THOO-LIN, P., RAMOS, I., ROURA, M., PRUVOST, A., PEMBERTON, I.K., LOUKIL, H., MACDOUGALL, J., TAVARES, J. and CORDEIRO-DA-SILVA, A. 2016. Activity of bisnaphthalimidopropyl derivatives agains trypanosoma brucei. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy [online], 60(4), pages 2532-2536. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AAC.02490-15
    Current treatments for African trypanosomiasis are either toxic, costly, difficult to administer, or prone to elicit resistance. This study evaluated the activity of bisnaphthalimidopropyl (BNIP) derivatives against ...
  • Aerobic interval exercise improves parameters of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and other alterations of metabolic syndrome in obese Zucker rats. 

    Kapravelou, Garyfallia; Martinez, Rosario; Andrade, Ana M.; Nebot, Elena; Camiletti-Moiron, Daniel; Aparicio, Virginia A.; Lopez-Jurado, Maria; Aranda, Pilar; Arrebola, Francisco; Fernandez-Segura, Eduardo; Bermano, Giovanna; Goua, Marie; Galisteo, Milagros; Porres, Jesus M. (NRC Research Press https://dx.doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2015-0141, 2015-08-14)
    KAPRAVELOU, G., MARTINEZ, R., ANDRADE, A.M., NEBOT, E., CAMILETTI-MOIRON, D., APARICIO, V.A., LOPEZ-JURADO, M., ARANDA, P., ARREBOLA, F., FERNANDEZ-SEGURA, E., BERMANO, G., GOUA, M., GALISTEO, M. and PORRES, J.M. 2015. Aerobic interval exercise improves parameters of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and other alterations of metabolic syndrome in obese Zucker rats. Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism [online], 40(12), pages 1242-1252. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2015-0141
    Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a group of metabolic alterations that increase the susceptibility to cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease has been described as the liver manifestation of ...
  • Aggregation of Staphylococcus aureus following treatment with the antibacterial flavonol galangin. 

    Cushnie, T. P. Tim; Hamilton, V. E. S.; Chapman, D. G.; Taylor, P. W.; Lamb, Andrew (Wiley https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.2007.03393.x, 2007-06-13)
    CUSHNIE, T.P.T., HAMILTON, V.E.S., CHAPMAN, D.G., TAYLOR, P.W. and LAMB, A.J. 2007. Aggregation of Staphylococcus aureus following treatment with the antibacterial flavonol galangin. Journal of applied microbiology [online], 103(5), pages 1562-1567. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.2007.03393.x
    The flavonol galangin, an antimicrobial constituent of the traditional medicines propolis and Helichrysum aureonitens, is being assessed as part of an ongoing investigation into the antibacterial activity of flavonoids. ...
  • The analysis and fabrication of a novel tin-nickel mixed salt electrolytic coloured processing and the performance of coloured films for Al-12.7Si-0.7Mg alloy in acidic and alkali corrosive environments. 

    Shang, Yan; Liu, Changsheng; Fernandez, Carlos; Rajendran, L.; Kirthiga, M.; Wang, Yuhong; Niu, Dun; Liu, Dongdong; Wang, Linshan (Korean Society for Precision Engineering/Springer https://doi.org/10.1007/s12541-017-0011-x, 2017-01-10)
    SHANG, Y., LIU, C., FERNANDEZ, C., RAJENDRAN, L., KIRTHIGA, M., WANG, Y., NIU, D., LIU, D. and WANG, L. 2017. The analysis and fabrication of a novel tin-nickel mixed salt electrolytic coloured processing and the performance of coloured films for Al-12.7Si-0.7Mg alloy in acidic and alkali corrosive environments. International journal of precision engineering and manufacturing [online], 18(1), pages 93-98. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12541-017-0011-x
    We present for the first time the analysis and fabrication of a novel Tin-Nickel mixed salt electrolytic coloured processing and the performance of coloured films for Al-12.7Si-0.7Mg alloy. This alloy is a novel alloy ...
  • Antibiotics for acute respiratory tract infections: a mixed-methods study of patient experiences of non-medical prescriber management. 

    Courtenay, Molly; Rowbotham, Samantha; Lim, Rosemary; Deslandes, Rhian; Hodson, Karen; MacLure, Katie; Peters, Sarah; Stewart, Derek C. (BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013515, 2017-03-01)
    COURTENAY, M., ROWBOTHAM, S., LIM, R., DESLANDES, R., HODSON, K., MACLURE, K., PETERS, S. and STEWART, D. 2017. Antibiotics for acute respiratory tract infections: a mixed-methods study of patient experiences of non-medical prescriber management. BMJ Open [online], 7(3), e013515. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013515.
    Objective: To (1) explore patients' expectations and experiences of nurse and pharmacist non-medical prescriber-led management of respiratory tract infections (RTIs), (2) examine whether patient expectations for antibiotics ...
  • Antimicrobial stewardship activities in hospitals in Ireland and the United Kingdom: a comparison of two national surveys. 

    Fleming, Aoife; Tonna, Antonella P.; O'Connor, Sile; Byrne, Stephen; Stewart, Derek C. (Springer http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11096-015-0114-3, 2015-04-08)
    FLEMING, A., TONNA, A., O'CONNOR, S., BYRNE, S. and STEWART, D. 2015. Antimicrobial stewardship activities in hospitals in Ireland and the United Kingdom: a comparison of two national surveys. International journal of clinical pharmacy [online], 37(5), pages 776-781. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11096-015-0114-3
    Background - Best practice guidelines recommend that a multidisciplinary Antimicrobial Management Team (AMT) conduct antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) activities in hospitals. In order to continuously improve AMS activities ...
  • The application of Raman and anti-stokes Raman spectroscopy for in-situ monitoring of structural changes in laser irradiated titanium dioxide materials. 

    Rigby, Stephanie J.; Al-Obaidi, Ala H. R.; Lee, Soo-Keun; McStay, Daniel; Robertson, Peter K. J. (Elsevier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2005.10.003, 2006-09)
    RIGBY, S. J., AL-OBAIDI, A. H. R., LEE, S.-K., McSTAY, D. and ROBERTSON, P. K. J., 2006. The application of Raman and anti-stokes Raman spectroscopy for in-situ monitoring of structural changes in laser irradiated titanium dioxide materials. Applied Surface Science, 252 (22), pp. 7948-7952.
    The use of Raman and anti-stokes Raman spectroscopy to investigate the effect of exposure to high power laser radiation on the crystalline phases of TiO2 has been investigated. Measurement of the changes, over several time ...
  • Archaeological medicinal earths as antibacterial agents: the case of the Basel Lemnian sphragides. 

    Photos-Jones, Effie; Edwards, Christine; Haner, F.; Lawton, Linda A.; Keane, C.; Leanord, A.; Perdikatsis, V. (Geological Society https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.6, 2017-02-02)
    PHOTOS-JONES, E., EDWARDS, C., HANER, F., LAWTON, L., KEAN, C., LEANORD, A. and PERDIKATSIS, V. 2017. Archaeological medicinal earths as antibacterial agents: the case of the Basel Lemnian sphragides. Geological society: special publications. Geology and medicine: historical connections [online], 452, pages 141-153. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1144/SP452.6
    This paper presents the scientific investigation of three Lemnian sphragides (terra sigillata), a famed medicinal clay (earth) of antiquity, dated to the 16th-17th century, and presently in the collection of the Museum for ...
  • 'Asking the right question': a comparison of two approaches to gathering data on 'Herbals' use in survey based studies. 

    McLay, James S.; Abdul Rouf, Pallivalappila; Shetty, Ashalatha; Pande, Binita; Al Hail, Moza; Stewart, Derek C. (Public Library of Science https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150140, 2016-02-25)
    MCLAY, J.S., ABDUL ROUF, P., SHETTY, A., PANDE, B., AL HAIL, M. and STEWART, D., 2016. 'Asking the right question’. A comparison of two approaches to gathering data on 'herbals' use in survey based studies. PLoS ONE Vol 11 (2), e0150140.
    Background Over the last decade academic interest in the prevalence and nature of herbal medicines use by pregnant women has increased significantly. Such data are usually collected by means of an administered questionnaire ...
  • Assessment of tigecycline prescription and patients’ outcomes at three different hospitals in Saudi Arabia. 

    Tobaiqy, Mansour; Al Humaid, Saad; Stewart, Derek C.; Alotaibi, Fayez Omear; Qureshi, Kamal Ahmad; MacLure, Katie; Algharib, Fahad; Alsameti, Ahmed; Alsaqer, Ahmed; Almeman, Ahmad (University of Benin. Faculty of Pharmacy. Pharmacotherapy Group http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/tjpr.v14i10.26, 2015-10-31)
    TOBAIQY, M., AL HUMAID, S., STEWART, D., ALOTAIBI, F.O., QURESHI, K.A., MACLURE, K., ALGHARIB, F., ALSMETI, A., ALSAQER, A. and ALMEMAN, A. 2015. Assessment of tigecycline prescription and patients’ outcomes at three different hospitals in Saudi Arabia. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 14(10), pp. 1919-1926. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/tjpr.v14i10.26
    Purpose: To investigate tigecycline prescription and patient outcomes in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted in three KSA government hospitals, between January, ...
  • The behaviors and experiences of the community pharmacy team on the provision of multi-compartment compliance aids. 

    Stewart, Derek C.; McDonald, Craig; MacLeod, Joan; MacLure, Katie; Gray, Gwen; McIntosh, Trudi (Elsevier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2017.04.004, 2017-04-09)
    STEWART, D., MCDONALD, C., MACLEOD, J., MACLURE, K., GRAY, G. and MCINTOSH, T. 2017. The behaviors and experiences of the community pharmacy team on the provision of multi-compartment compliance aids. Research in social and administrative pharmacy [online], In Press. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2017.04.004
    Background - Multi-compartment compliance aids (MCAs) are repackaging systems for solid dosage form medicines. Acknowledging the lack of evidence that MCAs improve adherence or clinical outcomes, the Royal Pharmaceutical ...
  • Can selenium supplementation modify oxidative stress in-vitro? A role for selenium supplementation in the prevention of cardiovascular disease. 

    Leighton, Dean; Goua, Marie; Dolan, Eimear; Burgess, Katherine; Bermano, Giovanna (BioMed Central http://www.journal-inflammation.com/content/12/S1/P7, 2015-04)
    LEIGHTON, D., GOUA, M., DOLAN, E., BURGESS, K. and BERMANO, G., 2015. Can selenium supplementation modify oxidative stress in-vitro? A role for selenium supplementation in the prevention of cardiovascular disease. Journal of Inflammation, 12 (Suppl. 1), p.7.
    Two thirds of the UK population are either overweight or obese (body mass index (BMI) 25-29.9 and >30 kg/m2 respectively) and are typically characterised by systemic oxidative stress (OS); deemed to play a key role in ...
  • Cardiovascular benefits of lycopene: fantasy or reality? 

    Thies, Frank; Mills, Lynsey M.; Moir, Susan; Masson, Lindsey F. (Cambridge University Press http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0029665116000744, 2016-09-09)
    THIES, F., MILLS, L.M., MOIR, S. and MASSON, L.F. 2017. Cardiovascular benefits of lycopene: fantasy or reality? Proceedings of the nutrition society [online], 76(2), pages 122-129. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0029665116000744
    Epidemiological evidence indicates that high consumption of tomatoes and tomato-based products reduces the risk of chronic diseases such as CVD and cancer. Such potential benefits are often ascribed to high concentrations ...
  • A case of probable esomeprazole-induced transient liver injury in a pregnant woman with hyperemesis. 

    Thomas, Binny; Mohamed, Mahmoud; Al Hail, Moza; Awwad, Fatma Alzahra Y; Wahba, Ramy M.; Hassan, Sabir B.; Omar, Khalid; El Kassem, Wessam; Abdul Rouf, Pallivalappila (Dovepress https://doi.org/10.2147/CPAA.S106234, 2016-12-13)
    THOMAS, B., MOHAMED, M., AL HAIL, M., AWWAD, F.A., WAHBA, R.M., HASSAN, S.B., OMAR, K., EL KASSEM, W. and ABDUL ROUF, P.V. 2016. A case of probable esomeprazole-induced transient liver injury in a pregnant woman with hyperemesis. Clinical pharmacology: advances and applications [online], 8, pages 199-202. Available from: https://doi.org/10.2147/CPAA.S106234.
    We report a case of 22-year-old primigravida presented to Women's Hospital - Hamad Medical Corporation emergency with severe epigastric pain, nausea, and vomiting. On admission, she was dehydrated with remarkably worsening ...
  • A case study investigation into the use of multi-compartment compliance aids in older people resident in very sheltered housing. 

    MacLure, Katie; MacLeod, Joan; Forbes-McKay, Katrina; Paudyal, Vibhu; Cunningham, Scott; Strath, Alison; Lynch, Rory; Stewart, Derek C. (Springer https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40271-016-0178-8, 2016-05-12)
    MACLURE, K., MACLEOD, J., FORBES-MCKAY, K., PAUDYAL, V., CUNNINGHAM, S., STRATH, A., LYNCH, R. and STEWART, D. 2016. A case study investigation into the use of multi-compartment compliance aids in older people resident in very sheltered housing. The Patient: Patient-centered outcomes research [online] 9(6), pages 583-590. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40271-016-0178-8
    Background: Multi-compartment compliance aids (MCAs) are repackaging systems for solid dosage form medicines, heralded by some as a solution to non-adherence but with little evidence of benefit. Objective: To use a ...
  • Cellulose II as bioethanol feedstock and its advantages over native cellulose. 

    Nagarajan, Sanjay; Skillen, Nathan; Irvine, John T. S.; Lawton, Linda A.; Robertson, Peter K. J. (Elsevier https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.03.118, 2017-04-12)
    NAGARAJAN, S., SKILLEN, N.C., IRVINE, J.T.S, LAWTON, L.A. and ROBERTSON, P.K. 2017. Cellulose II as bioethanol feedstock and its advantages over native cellulose. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews [online], 77, pages 182-192. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2017.03.118
    Alternative renewable energy must emerge to sustainably meet the energy demands of the present and future. Current alternatives to fossil fuels are electricity from solar, wind and tidal energies and biofuels. Biofuels, ...
  • Challenges of motivating postgraduate built environment online teaching and learning practice workgroups to adopt innovation. 

    Moore, David R.; Fisher, Toni (Taylor and Francis https://doi.org/10.1080/15578771.2017.1356400, 2017-09-07)
    MOORE, D. R. and FISHER, T. 2017. Challenges of motivating postgraduate built environment online teaching and learning practice workgroups to adopt innovation. International journal of construction education and research [online], 13(3), pages 225-247. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1080/15578771.2017.1356400
    Successful implementation of teaching and learning (T&L) innovation within an e-learning context in higher education institutions involves overcoming challenges. A key component of success in this regard is the level of ...