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Title: Religion, the Scottish work ethic and the spirit of enterprise.
Authors: Smith, Robert
Keywords: Entrepreneurial culture
Entrepreneurial drives
Theological drives
Scottish work ethic
Protestant work ethic
Issue Date: May-2009
Publisher: IP Publishing Ltd.
Citation: SMITH, R., 2009. Religion, the Scottish work ethic and the spirit of entreprise. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, 10 (2), pp. 111-124.
Abstract: Using a historical approach, this paper revisits Max Weber’s ‘Protestant ethic’, addressing in particular a variant form of it – the ‘Scottish work ethic’. It examines that ethic as both a collective and individuated theological drive that helped shape the proto-entrepreneurial proclivity of the Scottish people. The Scottish work ethic is a secularized drive peculiar to Scotland with its strong Calvinistic religious heritage and emphasis on hard work, thrift and education. From an academic perspective, although much has been written about the Protestant ethic and Weber’s thesis, the same cannot be said of the Scottish work ethic. This paper fills this gap in the literature while extending consideration of the nature of the work ethic to include the power of religion and theological drives in the creation of the prevalent spirit of enterprise within a people.
ISSN: 1465-7503
Appears in Collections:Journal articles (Management)

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