Now showing items 1-20 of 86

  • Refinement in response to validation. 

    Craw, Susan; Sleeman, D. (Elsevier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0957-4174(94)E0025-P, 1995-07)
    CRAW, S. and SLEEMAN, D., 1995. Refinement in response to validation. Expert Systems with Applications, 8 (3), pp. 343-349
    Knowledge-based systems (KBSs) are being applied in ever increasing numbers. In parallel with the development of knowledge acquisition tools is the demand for mechanisms to assure their quality, particularly in safety ...
  • Consultant-2: Pre- and post-processing of machine learning applications. 

    Sleeman, D.; Rissakis, M.; Craw, Susan; Graner, N.; Sharma, S. (Elsevier http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/ijhc.1995.1035, 1995-07)
    SLEEMAN, D., RISSAKIS, M., CRAW, S., GRANER, N. and SHARMA, S., 1995. Consultant-2: Pre- and post processing of machine learning applications. International Journal of Human Computer Studies, 43 (1), pp. 43-63
    The knowledge acquisition bottleneck in the development of large knowledge-based applications has not yet been resolved. One approach which has been advocated is the systematic use of Machine Learning (ML) techniques. ...
  • Refinement complements verification and validation 

    Craw, Susan (Elsevier http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/ijhc.1996.0012, 1996-02)
    CRAW, S., 1996. Refinement complements verification and validation. International Journal of Human Computer Studies, 44 (2), pp. 245-256
    Knowledge based systems are being applied in ever increasing numbers. The development of knowledge acquisition tools has eased the “Knowledge Acquisition Bottleneck”. More recently there has been a demand for mechanisms ...
  • Executive information systems: an evaluation of current UK practice. 

    Allison, Ian K. (Elsevier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0268-4012(95)00059-3, 1996-02)
    ALLISON, I.K., 1996. Executive information systems: an evaluation of current UK practice. International Journal of Information Management, 16 (1), pp. 27-38
    In a recent survey amongst senior executives in the UK, using data as a corporate resource was ranked as the second most important information systems management issue. Managers are becoming ever more dependent on information, ...
  • Knowledge modelling for a generic refinement framework 

    Boswell, Robin; Craw, Susan (Elsevier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0950-7051(99)00018-0, 1999-10)
    BOSWELL, R. and CRAW, S., 1999. Knowledge modelling for a generic refinement framework. Knowledge Based Systems, 12 (5-6), pp. 317-325
    Refinement tools assist with debugging the knowledge-based system (KBS), thus easing the well-known knowledge acquisition bottleneck, and the more recently recognised maintenance overhead. The existing refinement tools ...
  • Aboutness from a commonsense perspective. 

    Bruza, Peter D.; Song, Dawei; Wong, Kam-Fai (Wiley, 2000-10)
    BRUZA, P. D., SONG, D. and WONG, K. F., 2000. Aboutness from a commonsense perspective. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (JASIST), 51 (12), pp. 1090- 1105.
    Information retrieval (IR) is driven by a process which decides whether a document is about a query. Recent attempts spawned from logic-based information retrieval theory have formalized properties characterizing ...
  • Maintaining retrieval knowledge in a case-based reasoning system. 

    Craw, Susan; Jarmulak, Jacek; Rowe, Ray (Blackwell http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0824-7935&site=1, 2001-05)
    CRAW, S., JARMULAK, J. and ROWE, R., 2001. Maintaining retrieval knowledge in a case-based reasoning system. Computational Intelligence, 17 (2), pp. 346-363.
    The knowledge stored in a case-base is central to the problem-solving of a Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) system. Therefore, case-base main- tenance is a key component of maintaining a CBR system. However, other knowledge ...
  • Application of aboutness to functional benchmarking in information retrieval. 

    Wong, Kam-Fai; Song, Dawei; Bruza, Peter D.; Cheng, Chin-Hung (ACM http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/502795.502796, 2001-10)
    WONG, K. F., SONG, D., BRUZA, P. D. and CHENG, C. H., 2001. Application of aboutness to functional benchmarking in information retrieval. ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 19 (4), pp. 337-370.
    Experimental approaches are widely employed to benchmark the performance of an information retrieval (IR) system. Measurements in terms of recall and precision are computed as performance indicators. Although they are ...
  • Towards context-sensitive information inference. 

    Song, Dawei; Bruza, Peter D. (Wiley http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/asi.10213, 2003-02)
    SONG, D. and BRUZA, P. D., 2003. Towards context-sensitive information inference. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 54 (4), pp. 321-334.
    Humans can make hasty, but generally robust judgements about what a text fragment is, or is not, about. Such judgements are termed information inference. By drawing on theories from non-classical logic and applied cognition, ...
  • Facilitating DL-based hybrid reasoning with inference fusion. 

    Hu, Bo; Arana, Ines; Compatangelo, Ernesto (Elsevier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0950-7051(03)00026-1, 2003-07)
    HU, B., ARANA, I. and COMPATANGELO, E., 2003. Facilitating DLbased hybrid reasoning with inference fusion. Knowledge Based Systems, 16 (5-6), pp. 42-48.
    We present an extension to DL-based taxonomic reasoning by means of inference fusion, i.e. the dynamic combination of inferences from distributed heterogeneous reasoners. Our approach integrates results from a DL-based ...
  • Case-based reasoning for matching SMARTHOUSE technology to people's needs 

    Wiratunga, Nirmalie; Craw, Susan; Taylor, Bruce J. (Elsevier http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/525448/description#description, 2004)
    WIRATUNGA, N., CRAW, S. and TAYLOR, B., 2004. Case-based reasoning for matching SMARTHOUSE technology to people's needs. Knowledge based systems, 17 (2-4), pp. 139-146
    SMARTHOUSE technology offers devices that help the elderly and people with disabilities to live independently in their homes. This paper presents our experiences from a pilot project applying case-based reasoning techniques ...
  • Abduction in semantic space: towards a logic of discovery 

    Bruza, Peter D.; Song, Dawei; McArthur, Robert (Oxford Journals http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jigpal/12.2.97, 2004-03)
    BRUZA, P. D., SONG, D. and MCARTHUR, R., 2004. Abduction in semantic space: towards a logic of discovery. Logic Journal, 12 (2), pp. 97-109.
    Diminishing awareness is a consequence of the information explosion: disciplines are becoming increasingly specialized; individuals are becoming ever more insular. This paper considers how awareness can be enhanced via ...
  • Retrieval, reuse, revision and retention in case-based reasoning 

    Craw, Susan (Cambridge University Press http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0269888906000646, 2005)
    De Mantaras, Ramon Lopez et al, 2005. Retrieval, reuse, revision and retention in case-based reasoning. Knowledge Engineering Review, 20 (3), pp. 215-240.
    Case-based reasoning (CBR) is an approach to problem solving that emphasizes the role of prior experience during future problem solving (i.e., new problems are solved by reusing and if necessary adapting the solutions to ...
  • Design, innovation and case-based reasoning 

    Goel, Ashok K.; Craw, Susan (Cambridge University Press http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0269888906000609, 2005)
    GOEL, A. and CRAW, S., 2005. Design, innovation and case-based reasoning. Knowledge Engineering Review, 20 (3), pp. 271-276
    The design task is especially appropriate for applying, integrating, exploring and pushing the boundaries of case-based reasoning. In this paper, we briefly review the challenges that design poses for case-based reasoning ...
  • Towards an agile approach to software process improvement: addressing the changing needs of software products. 

    Allison, Ian K. (International Information Management Association (IIMA) http://69.16.240.49/CIIMA/CIIMA%205.1%2067%20Allison-8.pdf, 2005)
    ALLISON, I., 2005. Towards an agile approach to software process improvement: addressing the changing needs of software products. Communications of the IIMA, 5 (1), pp. 67-76.
    This paper highlights the need for greater agility and flexibility in the process improvement activity. The ideas presented here relate to aspects that have arisen from a case study of a global software product organisation. ...
  • An introduction to interval-based constraint processing. 

    Renker, Gerrit; Ahriz, Hatem (Polish Academy of Sciences Committee of Automatic Control and Robotics, 2006)
    RENKER, G. and AHRIZ, H., 2006. An introduction to interval-based constraint processing. Archives of Control Sciences, 16 (2), pp. 161-190
    Constraint programming is often associated with solving problems over finite domains. Many applications in engineering, CAD and design, however, require solving problems over continuous (real-valued) domains. While simple ...
  • Learning to improve software processes: making sense of practice. 

    Allison, Ian K.; Merali, Yasmin (International Information Management Association (IIMA) http://69.16.240.49/CIIMA/5%20CIIMA%206-1%2017-28%20Allison.pdf, 2006)
    ALLISON, I. and MERALI, Y., 2006. Learning to improve software processes. Communications of the IIMA, 6 (1), pp. 17-28.
    Software Process Improvement (SPI) programs are frequently considered to be planned in nature. However, there is recent evidence to suggest that SPI can be understood as a form of learning. Drawing on the organizational ...
  • Towards operational abduction from a cognitive perspective. 

    Bruza, Peter D.; Cole, R. J.; Song, Dawei; Bari, Z. Abdul (Oxford Journals http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jigpal/jzk012, 2006-03)
    BRUZA, P. D., COLE, R. J., SONG, D. and BARI, Z. Towards operational abduction from a cognitive perspective. Logic Journal, 14 (2), pp. 161-177.
    Diminishing awareness is a consequence of the information explosion: disciplines are becoming increasingly specialized; individuals and groups are becoming ever more insular. This article considers how awareness can be ...
  • Learning adaptation knowledge to improve case-based reasoning 

    Craw, Susan; Wiratunga, Nirmalie; Rowe, Ray (Elsevier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.artint.2006.09.001, 2006-11)
    CRAW, S., WIRATUNGA, N. and ROWE, R., 2006. Learning adaptation knowledge to improve case-based reasoning. Artificial Intelligence, 170 (16-17), pp. 1175-1192.
    Case-Based Reasoning systems retrieve and reuse solutions for previously solved problems that have been encountered and remembered as cases. In some domains, particularly where the problem solving is a classification task, ...
  • Introduction to special issue on reasoning in natural language information processing. 

    Song, Dawei; Nie, Jian-Yun (ACM http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1236181.1236182, 2006-12)
    SONG, D. and NIE, J. Y., 2006. Introduction to special issue on reasoning in natural language information processing. ACM Transactions on Asian Language Information Processing, 5 (4), pp. 291-295.
    For any applications related to Natural Language Processing (NLP), reasoning has been recognized as a necessary underlying aspect. Most of the existing work in NLP deals with specific NLP problems in a highly heuristic ...