Now showing items 14-33 of 37

  • Global warming: is weight loss a solution? 

    Gryka, Anna; Broom, John; Rolland, Catherine (Nature Publishing Group http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2011.151, 2012-03)
    GRYKA, A., BROOM, J, and ROLLAND, C., 2012. Global warming: is weight loss a solution? International Journal of Obesity, 36 (3), pp. 474-476.
    The current climate change has been most likely caused by the increased greenhouse gas emissions. We have looked at the major greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide (CO2), and estimated the reduction in the CO2 emissions that would ...
  • The implementation of the Counterweight Programme in Scotland, UK. 

    Counterweight Project Team; Bell-Higgs, Anna E.; Brosnahan, Naomi T.; Clarke, Anne M.; Dow, Maria S. A.; Haynes, Sarah M.; Lyons, G. Felicity; McCombie, E. Louise; Mongia, Sarika; Noble, Paula A.; Quinn, Marney F.; Regan, Paula J.; Ross, Hazel M.; Thompson, Frances E.; Vermeulen, Adri; Broom, Iain; Reckless, John P. D.; Kumar, Sudhesh; Lean, Michael E. J.; Frost, Gary S.; Finer, Nick; Haslam, David W.; Morrison, David; Sloan, Billy; McLoone, Philip (Oxford University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/fampra/cmr074, 2012-04)
    COUNTERWEIGHT PROJECT TEAM, 2012. The implementation of the Counterweight Programme in Scotland, UK. Family Practice, 29 (Supp. 1), pp. i139-i144.
    Background. The Counterweight Programme is a proven model for the management of obesity in the UK, evaluated over 5 years (2000–05) and demonstrating clinical and cost effectiveness. The Scottish Government commissioned ...
  • Leptin inhibits proliferation of breast cancer cells at supraphysiological concentrations by inhibiting mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling. 

    Weichhaus, Michael; Broom, John; Wahle, Klaus; Bermano, Giovanna (Spandidos Publications. http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ol.2014.2085, 2014-07)
    WEICHHAUS, M., BROOM, J., WAHLE, K. and BERMANO, G., 2014. Leptin inhibits proliferation of breast cancer cells at supraphysiological concentrations by inhibiting mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling. Oncology Letters, 8 (1), pp. 374-378.
    Leptin is a hormone secreted by white fat tissue and signals the amount of overall body fat to the hypothalamus. The circulating concentration of leptin correlates with the level of obesity. Breast cancer risk is higher ...
  • Long-term weight loss maintenance and management following a VLCD: a 3-year outcome. 

    Rolland, Catherine; Johnston, Kelly L.; Lula, Sadiq; Macdonald, Ian; Broom, Iain (Wiley http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijcp.12300, 2014-03)
    ROLLAND, C., JOHNSTON, K. L., LULA, S., MACDONALD, I. and BROOM, I., 2014. Long-term weight loss maintenance and management following a VLCD: a 3-year outcome. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 68 (3), pp. 379-387.
    Background: Effective weight loss treatment is important as obesity has severe health and socioeconomic repercussions. Emerging evidence suggests that rapid initial weight loss results in better long-term weight loss ...
  • Low-carbohydrate diets, obesity and type 2 diabetes: a review. 

    Gryka, Anna; Broom, Iain; Rolland, Catherine (Teknoscienze Srl http://agro-food-industry.teknoscienze.com/testata.asp?id_testata=257&folder=supplements, 2012-03)
    GRYKA, A., BROOM, I. and ROLLAND, C., 2012. Low-carbohydrate diets, obesity and type 2 diabetes: a review. Agro Food Hi-Tech Industry: Weight Management Supplement, 23 (2) Supp. Pp. 12-14.
    This review examines the effects of low-carbohydrate, high-protein diets (LCHO) (<150g carbohydrate/d) on glycaemia and cardiovascular risk, energy expenditure, appetite and satiety, liver and kidney function, bone metabolism, ...
  • Obesity and its health impact in Africa: a systematic review. 

    Adeboye, Bridget; Bermano, Giovanna; Rolland, Catherine (Clinics Cardive Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.5830/CVJA-2012-040, 2012-10)
    ADEBOYE, B., BERMANO, G. and ROLLAND, C., 2012. Obesity and its health impact in Africa: a systematic review. Cardiovascular Journal of Africa, 23 (9), pp. 512-521.
    Obesity and its association with co-morbidities in Africa are on the rise. This systematic review examines evidence of obesity and its association with co-morbidities within the African continent. Comparative studies ...
  • Optimizing acceptability and feasibility of an evidence-based behavioral intervention for obese adults with obesity-related co-morbidities or additional risk factors for co-morbidities: an open-pilot intervention study in secondary care. 

    Dombrowski, Stephan U.; Sniehotta, Falko F.; Johnston, Marie; Broom, Iain; Kulkarni, Utkarsh; Brown, Jennifer E.; Murray, Lynne; Soares, Vera A. (Elsevier. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2011.08.003, 2012-04)
    DOMBROWSKI, S. U., SNIEHOTTA, F. F., JOHNSTON, M., BROOM, I., KULKARNI, U., BROWN, J., MURRAY, L., SOARES, V. A., 2012. Optimizing acceptability and feasibility of an evidence-based behavioral intervention for obese adults with obesity-related co-morbidities or additional risk factors for co-morbidities: an open-pilot intervention study in secondary care. Patient Education and Counseling, 87 (1), pp. 108-119.
    Objective To test and optimize the feasibility and acceptability of a physical activity (PA) and healthy eating behavior change intervention for obese adults with obesity-related co-morbidities or additional risk factors ...
  • Over-the-counter Orlistat: early experiences, views and attitudes of community pharmacists in Great Britain. 

    Weidmann, Anita Elaine; Cunningham, Scott; Gray, Gwen; Hansford, Denise; McLay, James S.; Broom, John; Stewart, Derek C. (Springer Verlag http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11096-011-9516-z, 2011-08)
    WEIDMAN, A. E., CUNNINGHAM, S., GRAY, G., HANSFORD, D., MCLAY, J., BROOM, J. and STEWART, D., 2011. Over-the-counter Orlistat: early experiences, views and attitudes of community pharmacists in Great Britain. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, 33 (4), pp. 627-633.
    Objectives of the study To describe community pharmacists’ early experiences, views and attitudes with over-the-counter orlistat, 9 months post legal re-classification from November 2009 to January 2010. Setting 13,200 ...
  • Protein synthesis in the rat liver after fracture of the femur. 

    Khan, S. N.; Tilstone, W. J.; Fleck, A.; Broom, Iain (Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/PNS19740058, 1974-12)
    KHAN, S. N., TILSTONE, W. J., FLECK, A. and BROOM, I., 1974. Protein synthesis in the rat liver after fracture of the femur. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 33 (3), 93A
  • Review: barriers to physical activity in obese adults: a rapid evidence assessment. 

    Broom, Iain (SAGE https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1744987116647820, 2016-05-11)
    BROOM, I. 2016. Review: barriers to physical activity in obese adults: a rapid evidence assessment. Journal of research in nursing [online], 21(4), pages 288-289. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1744987116647820
    Obesity is clearly a major public health problem in developed nations, but also impacts on the health of developing countries, as they adopt lifestyle practices of the former. Physical activity, or lack of it, contributes ...
  • Selenoprotein expression in the rat colon during Se deficiency. 

    Pagmantidis, V.; Bermano, Giovanna; Broom, John; Arthur, J. R.; Hesketh, J. E. (Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0029665102000228, 2002-05)
    PAGMANTIDIS, V., BERMANO, G., BROOM, J., ARTHUR, J. R. and HESKETH, J. E., 2002. Selenoprotein expression in the rat colon during Se deficiency. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 61 (2A), 51A
  • Selenoprotein gene expression in an intestinal cell line during selenium depletion: a macroarray approach indicates effects on SelW and glutathione peroxidise 1. 

    Pagmantidis, V.; Villette, S.; Bermano, Giovanna; Broom, John; Arthur, J. R.; Hesketh, J. E. (Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/PNS2003XXX, 2003-09)
    PAGMANTIDIS, V., VILLETTE, S., BERMANO, G., BROOM, J., ARTHUR, J. R. and HESKETH, J. E., 2003. Selenoprotein gene expression in an intestinal cell line during selenium depletion: a macroarray approach indicates effects on SelW and glutathione peroxidise 1. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 62 (1A), 72A
  • Shape change and obesity prevalence among male UK offshore workers after 30 years: new insight from a 3D scanning study. 

    Stewart, Arthur D.; Ledingham, Robert L.; Furnace, Graham; Williams, Hector; Nevill, Alan M. (Wiley https://doi.org/10.1002/ajhb.22992, 2017-03-02)
    STEWART, A.D., LEDINGHAM, R.L., FURNACE, G., WILLIAMS, H. and NEVILL, A.M. 2017. Shape change and obesity prevalence among male UK offshore workers after 30 years: new insight from a 3D scanning study. American journal of human biology [online], 29(4), article ID e22992. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1002/ajhb.22992
    Objectives - In 1984, male UK offshore workers had greater overweight and obesity prevalence and fat content than the general population. Since then, body weight has increased by 19%, but, without accompanying anthropometric ...
  • Stimulation of colorectal tumour protein synthesis, in vivo, by nutritional support. 

    Heys, S. D.; Park, K. G. M.; McNurlan, M. A.; Milne, E.; Keenan, R. A.; Miller, J. D. B.; Broom, John; Eremin, O.; Garlick, P. J. (Cambridge University Press http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/PNS19900038, 1990-07)
    HEYS, S. D., PARK, K. G. M., McNURLAN, M. A., MILNE, E., KEENAN, R. A., MILLER, J. D. B., BROOM, J., EREMIN, O. and GARLICK, P. J., 1990. Stimulation of colorectal tumour protein synthesis, in vivo, by nutritional support. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 49 (2), 165A
  • A study of the time course of fructose-2, 6-bisphosphate production in a septic mouse model. 

    Hepburn, D.; Broom, John; Smith, D. J. (Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/PNS19860044, 1986-02)
    HEPBURN, D., BROOM, J. and SMITH, D. J., 1986. A study of the time course of fructose-2, 6-bisphosphate production in a septic mouse model. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 45 (1), 33A.
  • Survival suit volume reduction associated with immersion: implications for buoyancy estimation in offshore workers of different size. 

    Stewart, Arthur D.; Ledingham, Robert J.; Furnace, Graham; Williams, Hector; Coleshaw, Susan (Taylor and Francis http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2016.1188219, 2016-06-23)
    STEWART, A., LEDINGHAM, R., FURNACE, G., WILLIAMS, H. and COLESHAW, S. 2017. Survival suit volume reduction associated with immersion: implications for buoyancy estimation in offshore workers of different size. Ergonomics [online], 60(6), pages 844-850. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2016.1188219
    Rationale: It is currently unknown how body size affects buoyancy in submerged helicopter escape. Method: Eight healthy males aged 39.6 ± 12.6 year (mean ± SD) with BMI 22.0-40.0 kg m-2 wearing a standard survival ('dry') ...
  • Systematic review of exercise and the long-term outcomes of the treatment for obesity. 

    Brown, T. J.; Avenell, A.; Broom, John; Smith, W. C. S.; Jung, R.; Campbell, M. K.; Grant, Aileen M. (Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0029665102000289, 2002-11)
    BROWN, T. J., AVENELL, A., BROOM, J., SMITH, W. C. S., JUNG, R., CAMPBELL, M. K. and GRANT, A. M., 2002. Systematic review of exercise and the long-term outcomes of the treatment for obesity. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 61 (3A), 154A.
  • Thinking around abdominal obesity and cardiovascular risk. 

    Broom, Iain (SAGE Publications., 2006-03)
    BROOM, I., 2006. Thinking around abdominal obesity and cardiovascular risk. British Journal of Diabetes and Vascular Disease, 6 (2), pp. 58-61.
    Obesity, particularly abdominal (visceral) obesity, is a burden on healthcare systems worldwide and is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD), insulin resistance, Type 2 diabetes, dyslipidaemia, metabolic syndrome, ...
  • Variability in body size and shape of UK Offshore Workers: a cluster analysis approach. 

    Stewart, Arthur D.; Ledingham, Robert J.; Williams, Hector (Elsevier https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2016.07.001, 2016-07-17)
    STEWART, A., LEDINGHAM, R. and WILLIAMS, H. 2016. Variability in body size and shape of UK Offshore Workers: a cluster analysis approach. Applied ergonomics [online], 58, pages 265-272. Available from: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2016.07.001
    Male UK offshore workers have enlarged dimensions compared with UK norms and knowledge of specific sizes and shapes typifying their physiques will assist a range of functions related to health and ergonomics. A representative ...
  • Very-low-energy diets and morbidity: a systematic review of longer-term evidence. 

    Mulholland, Yvonne; Nicokavoura, Efsevia; Broom, John; Rolland, Catherine (Cambridge University Press http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114512001924, 2012-09)
    MULHOLLAND, Y., NICOKAVOURA, E., BROOM, J. and ROLLAND, C., 2012. Very-low-energy diets and morbidity: a systematic review of longer-term evidence. British Journal of Nutrition, 108 (5), pp. 832-851.
    Evidence from the literature supports the safe use of very-low-energy diets (VLED) for up to 3 months in supervised conditions for patients who fail to meet a target weight loss using a standard low-fat, reduced-energy ...